Current asthma medications, which work by suppressing inflammatory signaling by immune cells or by dilating the airways, can stop working over time. Now, a new study from Boston Children’s Hospital, … Continue Reading Study successfully targets nerve endings to curb allergic asthma in animal model.
The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of the eye that converts light into nerve impulses. The retina contains small, specialized neurons called bipolar cells that transmit … Continue Reading Researchers discover previously uncharted part of the eye.
In a life-threatening situation, the heart beats faster and harder, invigorated by the fight-or-flight response, which instantaneously prepares a person to react or run. Now, a new study by researchers … Continue Reading Researchers map how calcium uptake in mitochondria during a heart attack causes large cell death.
Sleep seems simple enough, a state of rest and restoration that almost every vertebrate creature must enter regularly in order to survive. However, the brain responds differently to stimuli when … Continue Reading Researchers identify the calcium channel in the brain essential for deep sleep.
Heart regeneration a step closer as researchers identify progenitor cell exclusively for heart muscle.
Future therapies for failing hearts are likely to include stem-like cells and associated growth factors that regenerate heart muscle. Now, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have just taken an … Continue Reading Heart regeneration a step closer as researchers identify progenitor cell exclusively for heart muscle.
Researchers at the University of Illinois have identified a molecular mechanism that directs embryonic stem cells to mature into endothelial cells, the specialized cells that form blood vessels. Understanding the … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the epigenetics that turn stem cells into blood vessel cells.
Researchers at the University of Kentucky have completed a study that revealed differences in the way neuroinflammation, considered a key component of Alzheimer’s disease, is expressed in different subsets of … Continue Reading Study finds Alzheimer’s disease presents differently in patients with Down syndrome.
While the use of antiangiogenesis drugs that block the growth of new blood vessels can improve the treatment of some cancers, clinical trials of their ability to prevent the development … Continue Reading Study answers debate and proves lymph node metastases doesn’t need new blood vessel growth.
For 140 years, scientists’ understanding of language comprehension in the brain came from individuals with stroke. Based on language impairments caused by stroke, scientists believed a single area of the … Continue Reading Researchers map new area of language in the human brain.
On the hunt for better cancer screening tests, Johns Hopkins researchers led a proof of principle study that successfully identified tumour DNA shed into the blood and saliva of 93 … Continue Reading DNA shed from human head and neck tumours detected in blood and saliva for the first time.
Diabetic neuropathy is a condition in which perpetually high blood sugar causes nerve damage, resulting in a myriad of symptoms such as numbness, reduced ability to detect painful stimuli, muscle … Continue Reading Stem cell injections improve diabetic neuropathy in animal models.
Each year about one in every nine infants in the United States is born preterm (before 37 weeks), according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Premature birth can … Continue Reading Researchers identify molecular mechanisms within fetal lungs responsible for initiating labour.
Painful insulin injections could become a thing of the past for the millions of Americans who suffer from diabetes, thanks to a new invention from researchers at the University of … Continue Reading World’s first smart insulin patch could replace painful injections for diabetes.
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have found for the first time that stress during the first trimester of pregnancy alters the population of microbes living in a mother’s vagina. … Continue Reading Study finds mother’s stress alters babies’ gut and neurodevelopment through vaginal microbiome.
University of California San Francisco scientists have identified characteristics of a family of daughter cells, called MPPs, which are the first to arise from stem cells within bone marrow that … Continue Reading Reseachers identify and map progenitor cells for blood and immune cell production.
Resarchers have successfully transplanted olfactory cells to treat spinal cord injury in human trials.
Researchers from the Wenzhou Medical University state they have successfully repaired spinal cord injuries using the patients’ olfactory mucosa in human trials. Three years after they treated patients with spinal … Continue Reading Resarchers have successfully transplanted olfactory cells to treat spinal cord injury in human trials.