The association between marijuana, also known as cannabis, and schizophrenia is historically fraught. In the 1960s and 1970s, scientists thought that smoking cannabis could trigger psychosis in anyone. Recent studies … Continue Reading Researchers identify link between cannabis use in young males and raised schizophrenia risk.
Colon cancer is often detected in its earliest stages thanks in part to screening technologies like colonoscopy. By snaking a camera through a patient’s intestines, doctors can identify polyps and … Continue Reading New nanotech contrast enables blood test for precancerous growth in colon cancer.
First comprehensive study of genetic risks for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in African-Americans performed.
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic autoimmune diseases that affect as many as 1.6 million Americans. Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) have immune systems that attack their own … Continue Reading First comprehensive study of genetic risks for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in African-Americans performed.
Over 47.5 million people worldwide have Alzheimer’s disease or some other type of dementia, according to the World Health Organization. Despite decades of research, the only medications currently available treat … Continue Reading Fat droplets identified in brains of Alzheimer’s patients for the first time.
The molecular switches regulating human cell growth do a great job of replacing cells that die during the course of a lifetime. However, when they misfire, life-threatening cancers can occur. … Continue Reading Study identifies electrical control of cancer cell proliferation.
In human cells, shortened telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes, are both a sign of aging and contribute to it. The effects of chronic diseases such as … Continue Reading Researchers use dietary supplement in atherosclerotic mice to lengthen telomeres.
In the treatment of pain, a common course is to treat patients with opioid medications, these medications show limited effectiveness for neuropathic pain and come with safety and addiction issues. … Continue Reading Researchers map how antidepressants lessen neuropathic pain.
In male fertility normal sperm cells have an oval-shaped head with a cap-like covering called the acrosome. The acrosome contains enzymes that break down the outer membrane of an egg … Continue Reading Researchers identify new architecture and mechanism in the human sperm.
Much like a community’s network for garbage handling, cells also have garbage sites called lysosomes, where proteins, which are functioning badly because of age or other reasons, go for degradation … Continue Reading Study links two proteins that help cells eliminate trash to Parkinson’s disease.
To be activated, T cells must first recognize an antigen, receive appropriate costimulatory signals, and then encounter inflammatory cytokines to expand the immune response. This immune response has been harnessed … Continue Reading New T-cell regulation discovery set to rewrite immunology text books.
Sigma receptors, particularly the sigma-1 receptor subtype, which are expressed in both neurons and glia of multiple regions within the central nervous system, are a unique class of intracellular proteins … Continue Reading Neuroprotective receptor found to have important role in support cells for the retina.
Autoimmune uveitis, which accounts for up to 15% of severe visual handicap in the Western world, affects the working-age population and significantly affects public health. Patients often have detectable immune … Continue Reading Study reveals how T-cells traverse blood-retinal barrier in eye disease.
Synapses are specialized, protein-rich cell junctions that are essential for normal brain function and are dysfunctional in many diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Synapses are made up of … Continue Reading Study identifies elusive master regulator of synaptic protein sorting.
Premature births can mean low birth-weights and other medical problems for newborns, however, there are steps that doctors can take to reduce the chances of premature birth if early warning … Continue Reading New ultrasound technique shows potential for detecting preterm labour risk.
MERS is caused by an emerging human coronavirus, which is distinct from the SARS coronavirus. Since its identification in 2012, MERS has been linked to over 1,300 infections and close … Continue Reading New synthetic-DNA vaccine protects against MERS in simian model.
The immune system is a system of many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease. To function properly, an immune system must detect a wide variety … Continue Reading In world’s first, immune cells imaged responding to infection at the same time.