Cellular therapy for traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been suggested to replace cellular loss, restore growth factors homeostasis, repair damaged circuits and improve functional recovery. Stem cell therapy for TBI … Continue Reading Nano-magnetic cell targeting used to treat TBI in animal model.
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a potent tyrosine kinase, which regulates basic cell functions such as proliferation. EGFR has been strongly associated with poor prognosis in many types … Continue Reading Researchers identify a previously unknown mechanism in cancer metastasis.
The brain controls most of a person’s behaviour and changes in how brain areas work and communicate with each other can alter this behaviour and lead to impairments associated with … Continue Reading New neuroimaging technique shows how the ‘social brain’ is impaired in autism.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by an abrupt decline in kidney function, leading to the accumulation of toxic waste products of cellular metabolism and derangement of electrolyte balance. Despite … Continue Reading Researchers identify gene which initiates the repair of acutely injured kidneys.
With premature birth now a persistent health problem, the need for standardised biomarkers is a necessity. Amniotic fluid (AF) both contributes to and reflects the status of the fetus, and … Continue Reading Cell-free RNA in amniotic fluid used to identify stage of human fetal organ maturity.
Differences in the size and structure of certain brain areas have been found in some adults diagnosed with schizophrenia. Early findings came from the discovery of enlarged ventricles in people … Continue Reading Neuroimaging matches specific schizophrenia behaviour to the brain’s anatomy.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition caused by a deficiency in the ability to make insulin, a hormone that regulates glucose levels. According to the Center for Disease Control, diabetes affects … Continue Reading Oral formulation of insulin successful in animal model.
The skin is the largest organ in the human body and is made up of three layers, the epidermis, dermis and the fat layer. The epidermis is the outer layer … Continue Reading Artificially intelligent synthetic skin interacts with brain cells.
Bacteriophages are abundant in the environment, which means they are ecologically friendly. They infect and kill only bacteria, which means they could be used as novel biocontrol agents and even … Continue Reading Bacteriophage decontaminates infant formula infected with superbug.
Growing insights about a significant part of the genome, the dark matter of DNA, have fundamentally changed the way scientists approach the study of diseases. The human genome contains about … Continue Reading Study provides first ever comprehensive profile of lncRNAs in human cancers.
Cognitive function is known to change during normal aging and in age-related disease such as Alzheimer’s disease. Although the exact cause for age-related cognitive decline is not clear, recent studies … Continue Reading Researchers combat memory loss by enhancing brain function in animal model.
To better understand diseases with a genetic component, a popular approach is to take skin cells from patients with a disease and use enzymes to coax the cells back along … Continue Reading Researchers successfully develop leukemia-in-a-dish.
While research has traditionally focused on finding individual genes responsible for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), recent research has found links between epigenetic regulation and ASD in human patients. Epigenetics is … Continue Reading Study identifies epigenetic regulators linked to autism-like syndrome.
An enzyme called telomerase plays a significant role in aging and most cancers. Telomerase’s primary job is to maintain the DNA in telomeres, the structures at the ends of a … Continue Reading Study provides previously unseen structure of telomere-controlling enzyme.
It has been shown that patterns of poor nutritional intake may exacerbate the elevated morbidity experienced by cancer survivors. While most cancer patients in the United States are motivated to … Continue Reading Large-scale study investigates the diet quality of cancer survivors.
In Alzheimer’s, the brain begins to change years before symptoms emerge. Detecting Alzheimer’s antibodies at the preclinical stage would give patients an opportunity to work with their physician to make … Continue Reading Researchers nearing a blood test for Alzheimer’s disease.