It is known that cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) are hormones produced by the heart to influence blood pressure. When the heart senses elevated pressure, it releases NPs, which go to the … Continue Reading Human study identifies link between heart hormones, obesity, and diabetes.
A large body of data gathered over the last decades has identified the neuronal pathways which link the central nervous system with the autonomic innervation of the endocrine pancreas. These … Continue Reading Study shows brain cell mitochondria controls blood-sugar levels after a meal.
Infertility affects up to 15% of couples, with roughly one-third of all cases being caused by male infertility. One major cause of male infertility is the failure of precursor germ … Continue Reading Stem cell technique makes first ever viable sperm-in-a-dish.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of highly inheritable behavioural disorders. Patients with ASD have mild to severe communication difficulties, repetitive behaviour and social challenges. Such disorders significantly challenge … Continue Reading Study identifies neurogenetics that link abnormal neurodevelopment to ASD.
It is known that the age-related growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) is member of the transforming growth factor β superfamily of proteins. Circulating GDF11 concentrations appear to decline with age, … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown molecular pathway in aging.
It is known that the regenerative capacity of the injured central nervous system (CNS) in adult mammals is severely limited, yet axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) regrow, albeit … Continue Reading Gene pathway responsible for peripheral nervous system regeneration identified.
It is known that cancer cells don’t live on glass slides, yet the vast majority of images related to cancer biology come from the cells being photographed on flat, two-dimensional … Continue Reading New 3D- imaging provides unprecedented views of cancer in it’s natural environment.
In recent years, Ebola outbreaks have increased in frequency, duration, and geographical spread, underscoring the need for pre- and post-exposure treatments. Antibodies targeting the Ebola virus surface glycoprotein, the viral structure … Continue Reading Previously unknown ebola-fighting antibodies identified in outbreak survivor’s blood.
Every day, humans constantly absorb information through their sensory organs, which the brain then needs to process correctly. The information first reaches the thalamus and then travels to the cerebral … Continue Reading Researchers identify function of higher-order thalamus for the first time.
It is known that diabetes is a disease that commonly inflicts the pancreas, the organ responsible for insulin production. More specifically, it inflicts the cells that produce insulin, which are … Continue Reading Researchers identify a previously unknown developmental cause of diabetes.
Biomimicry or biomimetics is an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature’s time-tested patterns and strategies. The goal is to create products and processes … Continue Reading New biomimetic nanoparticle successfully treats eye cancer in animal model.
Astrocytes are star-shaped cells in the brain that surround brain cells, known as neurons, protecting them from injury and enabling them to function properly. The brain contains billions of cells, … Continue Reading Study breaks new ground on the role and formation of astrocytes in the brain.
The peripheral nervous system is a vast network of nerves that exists primarily outside of brain and spinal cord and connects to the far reaches of the body. The very … Continue Reading Study shows how protein promotes regeneration of injured peripheral nerves.
As the population continues to age, the need for biological measures of age and more precise screening tests for age-related diseases is becoming increasingly urgent. Epigenetics serves as an intersection … Continue Reading New epigenetic predictor of cancer validated in human study.
One in 15 adults has moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a disorder in which a person’s breathing is frequently interrupted during sleep, as many as 30 times per … Continue Reading Neuroimaging confirms that sleep apnea takes a toll on brain function.
Type 1 diabetes is the autoimmune form of diabetes, in which insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed by immune cells, especially those known as T cells. Insulin is … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown class of antigen present in T1 diabetes.