The blood-brain barrier (BBB), a collection of cells and subcellular structures in the cerebrovascular wall that separates the circulating blood from the brain, is essential to keep brain tissue in … Continue Reading Leakages identified in the blood-brain barrier of patients with early Alzheimer’s disease.
T cells are the immune cells responsible for recognizing and destroying specific invaders, such as viruses, bacteria, or cancer. Their activity is highly tunable, with signals from other cells adjusting … Continue Reading Study identifies a new regulator of immune responses.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease, characterised by demyelination and the onset of chronic, neurodegenerative damage of the central nervous system. Right now, its causes are unknown although various … Continue Reading Researchers identify a new gene involved in Multiple Sclerosis.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social communication and interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour. Approximately 1 in 70 children are diagnosed with ASD … Continue Reading Researchers identify new blood-based biomarker for boys with autism.
People with diabetes have a two to five time higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. For decades physicians have noticed unhealthy changes in the hearts of diabetics called diabetic cardiomyopathy, … Continue Reading Study identifies RNA-based mechanism underlying how diabetes damages the heart.
Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is related to many effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco. A number of studies have shown that tobacco … Continue Reading Large-scale study finds smoking during pregnancy raises risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
Breast cancer is notorious for its ability to relapse after many years, long after a patient had completed treatment. A major site of disease dissemination and relapse is bone, although … Continue Reading Researchers successfully block circulating breast cancer cells from entering bones.
It is known that repeated cocaine-use results in the development of behavioural sensitization, accompanied by a decrease in excitatory synaptic strength in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Furthermore, glial cells in … Continue Reading Microglia-based mechanism that reduces effect of cocaine on the brain identified.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are among the major stem cells used for cell therapy and regenerative medicine. In-vivo cell-tracking by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is crucial for regenerative medicine, allowing … Continue Reading Biomimetic method produces large numbers of MRI-trackable mesenchymal stem cells.
It is known that salt is important for cognitive function. Although some studies do link a lower level of sodium with a reduction in blood pressure and heart disease, studies … Continue Reading Study shows that levels of salts in the brain controls whether a person is alseep or awake.
Melanoma is the deadliest skin cancer whose rates have doubled over the last three decades, killing approximately 10,130 people annually. More than 90% of melanoma skin cancers develop because of … Continue Reading Researchers identify ‘sunscreen gene’ that suppresses skin cancer.
Obesity has become a major health threat, affecting more than half a billion people worldwide in 2014. In particular, obesity increases the risk for insulin resistance, hypertension, coronary heart disease … Continue Reading Epigenetic modification which raises obesity risk and predicts fatty liver identified.
First discovered in 1975, carbon nanotubes are graphene sheets rolled up into cylinders. The diameter is typically in the nanometer range, and the length can be up to many micrometers. … Continue Reading Nanotubes light-up 3D location of cancer tumour.
When the nervous system is developing neurons send their axons, the parts of neurons that make up the body’s nerves, to make connections with other neurons. For instance, a neuron in … Continue Reading Researchers identify protein complex that helps direct growth of axons.
Researchers have long known that the buildup of plaque in arteries can cause them to narrow and harden, potentially leading to a whole host of health problems, including heart attack, … Continue Reading Researchers identify new contributor to heart disease, new scope of treatment.
The hippocampus is a critical structure for encoding of novel experiences. A particularly compelling puzzle is how the hippocampus encodes new information in the presence of interference from past memories. … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows how the brain switches from past to present memory mode.