Stroke and spinal cord injury patients often require gait rehabilitation to regain the ability to walk or to help strengthen their muscles. Wearable robot-assisted training is quickly emerging as a … Continue Reading First-ever biomimetic lower-limb robotic exoskeleton developed.
It is known that Alzheimer’s disease is more common in African-Americans than Caucasians, however, the Alzheimer’s disease genetic risk profile for African-Americans is poorly understood. While more than 20 genes have … Continue Reading Study identifies 2 new genes responsible for Alzheimer’s disease among African-Americans.
Air pollution is known to contribute to cardiovascular disease and related deaths. In 2004, the American Heart Association released a scientific statement, updated in 2010, warning of the risk and … Continue Reading Study links air pollution to blood vessel damage among young, healthy adults.
Various neuronal activity recording and stimulating devices enable cellular exploration to further understand AI, brain diseases, and work towards developing the ‘immortal download’. Brain functions are controlled by millions of … Continue Reading A small step towards the immortal download, new neurochip records long-term brain cell activity.
A major hallmark of aging, and a key driver for the onset of age-related pathophysiologies across multiple species, including primates, is the disruption of cellular redox homeostatic mechanisms that protect … Continue Reading Boosting levels of known antioxidant may help resist age-related decline.
Injuries that fail to heal within three months, such as many diabetic foot ulcers, can require years of treatment and significant healthcare resources. Researchers are working on new kinds of … Continue Reading New smart bandage provides instant updates on the condition of chronic wounds remotely.
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive memory loss and cognitive dysfunction. It affects more than 30 million people worldwide, including an estimated 5.4 million Americans. One in … Continue Reading Dysfunction in neuronal transport mechanism linked to Alzheimer’s disease.
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder in childhood. Epilepsy is more than twice as common in children as in adults. This statistic reflects the fact that epilepsy frequently remits in … Continue Reading Study shows that brain receptor which increases during puberty reduces epilepsy in mice.
Adult brain cancers are almost always universally fatal, due in part to the biochemical composition of the central nervous system and the blood-brain barrier, which selectively and protectively limits the … Continue Reading Animal study shows depriving deadly brain cancer of cholesterol kills tumour cells.
Crohn’s disease, a common inflammatory disorder of the intestinal tract, can have devastating consequences for a patient’s quality of life. Although people with the disease are typically treated with powerful … Continue Reading Researchers identify 2 distinct genetic subtypes in Crohn’s disease patients.
Touch is essential for hand use, however, brain-controlled prosthetic limbs have not been endowed with this critical sense. Now, a study from researchers at the University of Pittsburgh develops a … Continue Reading New brain-computer interface restores the sense of touch in the hand of a paralyzed man.
Living organisms experience various stresses during their lifespans. These stresses include radiation, ultraviolet rays, and chemical substances which directly damage DNA and cause cancer. Organisms are able to speedily repair … Continue Reading Study identifies genes which control cellular senescence.
A significant milestone in the evolution of the mammalian brain is the emergence of the corpus callosum, which is exclusively present in placental mammals. This commissure forms the largest axon … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that astrocytes are responsible for joining the 2 halves of the brain together.
When exposed to cold, clusters of cells within the body’s white fat become beige, a colour change which reflects the creation of more energy-producing mitochondria, cellular components that enable cells … Continue Reading Study shows that fat cells which amplify nerve signals in response to cold also affect blood sugar.
One infant in every 1000 is diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss, making it an extremely common hereditary disease. It is also estimated that 25-40% of over-65s suffer from acquired sensorineural … Continue Reading Large-scale study identifies the causative gene for sensorineural hearing.
Researchers successfully treat congenital disease in unborn mice via drug delivery to amniotic fluid.
Congenital disease, estimated to cause the death of 276,000 infants within the first month of life each year across the globe, also causes childhood illness and long-term disability. Prenatal screening … Continue Reading Researchers successfully treat congenital disease in unborn mice via drug delivery to amniotic fluid.