Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects an estimated one in 59 people in the United States, causing adverse social communication and repetitive behavior. Many factors, including genetic and environmental effects, are … Continue Reading Human microbiota transplant transfers autism phenotype to mice.
A neuron is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals in the brain. These signals between neurons occur via synapses, which connect to … Continue Reading Study maps neurogenetics of dendritic growth and formation.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines which communicate with other brain cells via synapses. It is known that the number of these brain connections … Continue Reading Study identifies cause of dendritic pruning defect linked to autism and schizophrenia.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is marked by social disability and is associated with dysfunction in brain circuits supporting social-cue perception. The degree to which neural functioning reflects individual-level behavioural phenotype … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study identifies new biomarker for autism spectrum disorder in boys.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of highly inheritable behavioural disorders. Patients with ASD have mild to severe communication difficulties, repetitive behaviour and social challenges. Such disorders significantly challenge … Continue Reading Study identifies neurogenetics that link abnormal neurodevelopment to ASD.
Signs of autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder often take years to manifest. Studying suspect disease genes in the brain early in life could prove valuable in the development of new … Continue Reading Study maps autism-linked protein in neurodevelopment.
In the late diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a risk factor that has been repeatedly identified is a low birth weight or low gestational age at the time of … Continue Reading Neuroimaging identifies markers in premature babies who later develop autism.
Large-scale study provides definitive proof that antidepressants during pregnancy increases autism risk.
Antidepressants are the first line of treatment for depression and anxiety for pregnant women, and they are able to cross the placenta. Not many studies have evaluated the effects of … Continue Reading Large-scale study provides definitive proof that antidepressants during pregnancy increases autism risk.
The brain controls most of a person’s behaviour and changes in how brain areas work and communicate with each other can alter this behaviour and lead to impairments associated with … Continue Reading New neuroimaging technique shows how the ‘social brain’ is impaired in autism.
While research has traditionally focused on finding individual genes responsible for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), recent research has found links between epigenetic regulation and ASD in human patients. Epigenetics is … Continue Reading Study identifies epigenetic regulators linked to autism-like syndrome.
Autism is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other people. Repetitive and restricted behaviour is perhaps the most widely recognized of the … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps behaviour, brain structure difference in girls and boys with autism.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) represents a diverse group of neurodevelopmental conditions. The clinical presentation and outcome vary substantially. The use of genome-wide tests to provide molecular diagnosis for individuals with … Continue Reading Study identifies children with Autism who benefit from genetic testing.
Synapses are specialized, protein-rich cell junctions that are essential for normal brain function and are dysfunctional in many diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Synapses are made up of … Continue Reading Study identifies elusive master regulator of synaptic protein sorting.
Last December, researchers identified more than 1,000 gene mutations in individuals with autism, however, it was still unclear as to how these mutations increased the risk for autism. Now, UNC … Continue Reading Researchers identify the single epigenetic mutation which causes autism.
Some common themes are beginning to emerge from research on structural and functional brain connectivity in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, much more work will be needed to learn how … Continue Reading Multiple neuroimaging studies point to brain connectivity changes in autism.