For several decades, addiction has come to be viewed as a disorder of the dopamine neurotransmitter system; however, this view has not led to new treatments. Numerous studies suggest that … Continue Reading Researchers identify specific neuron-type responsible for alcoholism.
Researchers identify protein in the brain which inhibits key enzyme implicated in Alzheimer’s disease.
The need for a new approach to treatment of Alzheimer’s disease is urgent. Alzheimer’s is the most common age-related dementia and the number of cases in the United States is … Continue Reading Researchers identify protein in the brain which inhibits key enzyme implicated in Alzheimer’s disease.
Many genes responsible for the creation of synaptic proteins have previously shown to be strongly linked to schizophrenia and other brain disorders, however, until now the reasons have not been … Continue Reading Researchers identify schizophrenia’s ‘master-key’ gene.
A team from the University of South Carolina have been studying one of the fundamental biomolecules contributing to human addiction, the mu-opioid receptor. It’s a protein in the human body … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the neurogenetics of susceptibility in addiction.
Some common themes are beginning to emerge from research on structural and functional brain connectivity in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, much more work will be needed to learn how … Continue Reading Multiple neuroimaging studies point to brain connectivity changes in autism.
A new neuroimaging study has shown that in just two years people with type 2 diabetes experienced negative changes in their ability to regulate blood flow in the brain This … Continue Reading Long-term human study shows detrimental effect diabetes has on brain plasticity.
In the first study of its kind researchers from UCLA and the University of Leicester found that neurons in a specific brain region play a key role in rapidly forming … Continue Reading First ever study records memory being encoded in individual neurons.
Speech is produced in the human cerebral cortex and previous studies have shown that the brain waves associated with speech processes can be directly recorded with electrodes located on the … Continue Reading Researchers develop world’s first thought-based ‘brain-to-text’ system.
A new study from researchers at Stanford University found that synchronized physiological interactions between remote regional brain neuron networks have genetic underpinnings. The research was performed at Stanford but was … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the neurogenetics of neural network theory.
A team of researchers from the University of Maryland have developed a new imaging technique that can identify the specific changes in neural communication as a result of mild traumatic brain … Continue Reading New imaging technique pinpoints changes in brain connectivity following mTBI.
Children who received general anesthesia for surgery before age 4 had diminished language comprehension, lower IQ and decreased gray matter density in posterior regions of their brain, according to a … Continue Reading Researchers link surgical anesthesia in young children to adverse effects on IQ, brain structure.
Researchers from the University of Helsinki, ETH Zürich, Aix-Marseille and the German Mouse Clinic teamed up to investigate the initiation process of dendritic spines. They discovered that protein called MIM … Continue Reading Researchers discover an initiation mechanism for dendritic spines.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, affecting over 44 million people worldwide. Inside the brain, Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by loss of neurons, and presence of abnormal … Continue Reading Protein involved in Alzheimer’s proven to have a role in weakening synaptic plasticity.
Researchers at the University of Colorado suggest that the portion of the brain devoted to hearing can become reorganized, reassigned to other functions, even with early-stage hearing loss, and may … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map brain functioning in age-related hearing loss.
Previous studies have shown that the connection in the adult brain are hard to change, while in children, novel experiences rapidly mold new connections during critical periods of brain development. … Continue Reading Researchers reactivate juvenile neural plasticity in adult brains.
Study begins to map the epigenetics of brain plasticity, the switch which changes neuronal function.
Scientists at the Salk Institute have discovered that the role of neurons, which are responsible for specific tasks in the brain, is much more flexible than previously believed. By studying … Continue Reading Study begins to map the epigenetics of brain plasticity, the switch which changes neuronal function.