Regulation and control of the body and its processes are overseen by electrochemical signals across synapses, the dynamic spaces between nerve cells. Now, two studies from researchers at UT Southwestern Medical … Continue Reading Protein once thought to be exclusive to neurons helps some cancers grow and spread.
Masters of survival in any environment, cancer cells rely on the healthy cells surrounding them for sustenance, literally leeching life from their host. They do this by rerouting blood vessels … Continue Reading Study shows neurons support cancer growth throughout the body.
Sleep apnea’s variable oxygen levels cause damage that is detectable at the tissue level. Although many other confounding factors exist, sleep apnea is shown to be an independent factor associated … Continue Reading Study shows that sleep apnea can help enable the spread of lung cancer cells.
Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones, is required for wound healing, menstruation, embryogenesis and various pathological conditions including tumour growth. Macrophages, key cells of the innate … Continue Reading Immune cells shown to facilitate tumour growth by forming primitive vascular channels.
In oncology, the Warburg effect is the observation that that the driver of tumourigenesis is an insufficient cellular respiration caused by insult to mitochondria. It postulates that most cancer cells, … Continue Reading Study uncovers vital Warburg effect pathway in brain tumour formation and metabolism.
Telomere dysfunction has been proposed as a key event that causes cancer progression. According to this model, progressive telomere shortening results in telomere dysfunction and end-to-end chromosomal fusions. The resulting … Continue Reading Researchers identify telomere-based mechanism which turns mutant cells into aggressive cancers.
Body mass index (BMI) is an important risk factor for breast cancer development and invasiveness. After menopause, women have an increased risk of developing breast cancer with increased BMI, while … Continue Reading New MRI technique links saturated fats to breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a molecule that contains the genetic information to develop and maintain life. DNA consists of four bases, namely adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine. These four bases … Continue Reading Misregulation of DNA building blocks mapped in colon cancer development.
Pancreatic cancer is a devastating disease, with a death rate close to the incidence rate. Because more than 90% of pancreatic cancer cases are diagnosed at the metastatic stage, when … Continue Reading Early indicators of pancreatic cancer identified in precision medicine study.
In a cancerous breast, researchers have seen the problems with the various components of breast tissue and could not fully explain why they happened. The tissue, called the stroma, includes … Continue Reading Human study identifies new gene as cause and early indicator of breast cancer.
It is known that chronic inflammation in the gut increases the risk of colon cancer by as much as 500%. Therefore, the genetic basis and mechanism of cancer proliferation in … Continue Reading Researchers show how gut inflammation initiates colon cancer.
An important mystery has been why some cells in the body already have mutations seen in cancer, yet do not fully behave like the cancer. Now, researchers led by the … Continue Reading In a world’s first, researchers image the origins of cancer from the first affected cell.
Due in part to improvements in screening, the rates of new colorectal cancer diagnoses have been falling in the United States for people ages 50 and older. However, for people … Continue Reading Study identifies different genetic drivers of colorectal cancer in older and younger patients.
As a part of the human immune system, white blood cells create a number of enzymes that help fight disease. Sometimes, these enzymes can malfunction, causing damage to the body … Continue Reading Study sheds light on cancer-spreading enzymes produced by the immune-system.
A leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, colon cancer is famously resistant to treatment. One reason for this is a group of persisting cancer cells in the colon that cause … Continue Reading Researchers use vitamin A to prevent relapsing colon cancer.
Colon cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and researchers are hard at work to understand the disease’s complex molecular underpinnings. Now, a study from researchers … Continue Reading Newly identified gene pair in colon cancer challenges whole paradigm on causation.