The human nervous system is made up of an astonishing diversity of neurons. And yet only a very small number of proteins are needed to generate and determine the identity … Continue Reading Researchers identify a previously unknown regulatory mechanism of neurogenesis.
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is found in the brain cells of approximately 90% of the world’s population and leads to cold sores, recurrent eye infections, genital lesions, and in rare … Continue Reading Study shows how the herpes simplex virus reactivates in neurons.
The mammalian target of rapamycin, a drug originally developed to prevent immunosuppression, is mTOR. mTOR is one of the most critical proteins in the control of cell proliferation, including cancer. … Continue Reading Study identifies mTOR pathway that controls cancer proliferation via nutrients.
Last December, researchers identified more than 1,000 gene mutations in individuals with autism, however, it was still unclear as to how these mutations increased the risk for autism. Now, UNC … Continue Reading Researchers identify the single epigenetic mutation which causes autism.
When it comes to protecting cells from death brought on by the calamities of environmental stress, the human body is particularly ingenious. From cellular components that suck up misfolded proteins … Continue Reading Key epigenetic phosphorylation pathway identified that protects cells against death by stress.