Every year, a staggering 48 million people in the USA alone will suffer from foodborne illnesses, resulting in approximately 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths. This public health epidemic is exacerbated … Continue Reading Using synthetic, DNA-barcoded microbes to track food contamination.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease known to kill the neurons controlling the muscles responsible for the movement of limbs and walking, resulting in the complete paralysis … Continue Reading Gut microbiome influences ALS outcomes.
The gut microbiome is the aggregate genome of the microbiota living in the gastrointestinal tract, implicated in numerous host systemic functions, behaviors, and diseases. Past studies have shown probiotics, ingestible … Continue Reading Study finds the microbiota, genetics, and memory are linked.
Like a silent assassin neurodegenerative diseases can cause the central nervous system to slowly deteriorate over time, which can lead to severe disorders involving movement or cognition. Neurodegenerative diseases, which … Continue Reading Previously unknown brain disorder identified.
The body’s protector from all things dangerous, the immune system is a highly adaptive line of defense in the body consisting of a network of cells, skin and proteins guarding … Continue Reading First three-component artificial immune system made of DNA computers.
All previously discovered living things on earth are classified into five kingdoms under the taxonomical system. For example, all animals belong to Kingdom Animalia, plants belong to Plantae, fungi to … Continue Reading Animal that doesn’t need oxygen to survive discovered.
The enigmatic giant virus is a recently discovered subclass of extremely large viruses infecting eukaryotic organisms. These viruses are characterized by the large size of their virions and contain many … Continue Reading Researchers discover new virus with no recognizable genes.
In the vast microscopic world contained within the human body, a universal component of all cell membranes is known as a lipid bilayer, a biological membrane consisting of two layers … Continue Reading Synthetic DNA nanopore selects and transports macromolecules across cell membranes.
In the past chimeras, an unnatural amalgamation of two different species was the stuff of futuristic sci-fiction comics, today this promising genetic engineering technique is less scary as it becomes … Continue Reading First pig-monkey chimera engineered and born.
For the greatest chance of survival, cancer screening needs to detect the disease before symptoms appear. Current cancer detection involves blood tests, urine tests, DNA tests, and/or medical imaging, however, … Continue Reading DNA computer can detect cancer on a single-cell basis.
Much work is being done on human limb regeneration concentrating on the specific microRNA circuit used by zebrafish, bichirs, and axolotls to regulate the regrowth of amputated extremities. Unfortunately, humans … Continue Reading Humans have the salamander-like ability to regenerate cartilage in joints.
Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
Used to evaluate whether a person is at a healthy weight or not, regardless or appearances, Body Mass Index (BMI) is a value derived from the weight and height of … Continue Reading New regulation for infant growth identified.
Bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, with much work needed to stem the rise of multi-drug resistance. Often, resistance is mediated by genes, which can simply jump from one … Continue Reading New microbiota-based mode of antibiotic-resistant spread identified.
The exciting field of biocomputing, involving processing and storing information in living cells, is currently being developed with a view to next-generation therapeutics and for capturing events within the body. … Continue Reading New DNA computer stores long-term cellular memory.
In genetic engineering and fertility, sperm sorting is a technique allowing the selection of the type of sperm cell to fertilize the egg cell with. It can be used to … Continue Reading Cheap, simple technique allows sex selection of sperm before fertilization.