Autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability often occur together and may even share similar genetic causes. Researchers reporting in Cell Reports have now linked mutations in a particular gene to … Continue Reading Mutated gene linked to both autism and intellectual disability.
Could the body’s own immune system play a role in memory impairment and cognitive dysfunction associated with conditions like chronic epilepsy, Alzheimer’s dementia and concussions?. The study focuses on the … Continue Reading Immune response protein is a link between brain injury and brain disorders.
Until recently, available microscopes were too slow to capture a beating heart in 3D. Now, a team from the Max Planck Institute has developed a high-speed, selective plane illumination microscope … Continue Reading Max Planck scientists image a beating heart in 3D.
Children who have been abused or neglected early in life are at risk for developing both emotional and physical health problems. In a new study, scientists have found that maltreatment … Continue Reading Stress tied to change in children’s gene expression related to emotion regulation, physical health.
A new study in East Asian women has identified three genetic changes linked to an increased risk of breast cancer. The research was led by Vanderbilt University. While breast cancer … Continue Reading Vanderbilt-led study identifies genes linked to breast cancer in East Asian women.
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder that causes obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviours, and other behaviours on the autistic spectrum, as well as cognitive deficits. It is the most … Continue Reading Study links autistic behaviours to enzyme.
Researchers from the Rutgers University have demonstrated the use of their ‘brain-on-a-chip’ microsystem to assess specific effects of traumatic axonal injury. While their model uses the three dimensional cell structure … Continue Reading Successful ‘brain-on-a-chip’ axonal strain injury model developed.
As part of a multinational, collaborative effort, researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have helped identify over 100 locations in the human genome associated with the … Continue Reading Mount Sinai scientists and international team shed new light on schizophrenia.
Dysfunction in dopamine signalling profoundly changes the activity level of about 2,000 genes in the brain’s prefrontal cortex and may be an underlying cause of certain complex neuropsychiatric disorders, such … Continue Reading UCI researchers find epigenetic tie to neuropsychiatric disorders.
Nearly 60 percent of the risk of developing autism is genetic and most of that risk is caused by inherited variant genes that are common in the population and present … Continue Reading Common gene variants account for most of the genetic risk for autism.
Researchers at the Babraham Institute, in collaboration with the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Single Cell Genomics Centre, have developed a powerful new single-cell technique to help investigate how the environment … Continue Reading New technique maps life’s effects on human DNA.
Throughout a person’s life, their brains adapt to what they learn and memorise. The brain is indeed made up of complex networks of neurons and synapses that are constantly re-configured. … Continue Reading How the brain stabilizes its connections in order to learn better.
Fundamental research by Wayne State University is paving the way for development of first vaccine for heart diseases.
Researchers at Wayne State University have made a fundamental discovery and, in subsequent collaboration with scientists at La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology (LIAI), are one step closer to … Continue Reading Fundamental research by Wayne State University is paving the way for development of first vaccine for heart diseases.
The human body produces substances, called endocannabinoids, that work in a similar way to cannabis. These endocannabinoids may not produce a ‘high’, but are of tremendous importance for the functioning … Continue Reading Increased levels of the body’s own cannabinoids impair embryonic brain development.
An organism is healthy thanks to a good maintenance system; the normal functioning of organs and environmental exposure cause damage to tissues, which need to be continuously repaired. This process … Continue Reading CNIO researchers discover a gene that links stem cells, aging and cancer.
A new study by researchers at the University of Oregon published in the journal Neuron describes a brainstem circuit in mice that may help explain how active movement impacts the … Continue Reading Oregon study details brain pathways linking visual function, running.