Welcome to The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016, the third-year in our successful series, where the most exciting discoveries and breakthroughs are decided by you, the global medical community. This … Continue Reading The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016.
Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that is closely related to Dengue, West Nile, and yellow fever viruses. Zika virus causes mild disease in most adults and can cause brain … Continue Reading Evidence of Zika virus found in tears, may persist in eyes.
Generally, researchers divide the human immune system into two parts. One part, called the innate immune system, allows for immediate and direct recognition of invading bacteria. It prompts immune cells … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown mechanism of the immune system.
One of the world’s most deadly diseases, tuberculosis, primarily a lung disease, infects more than 8 million people and is responsible for 1.5 million deaths each year. According to the … Continue Reading Previously unknown method of tuberculosis infection identified.
When the body is fighting an invading pathogen, white blood cells, including T cells, must respond. T-cell receptors (TCRs) recognize pathogens during T-cell–mediated adaptive immune responses. The binding between TCRs … Continue Reading New imaging provides unprecedented detail of immune cells’ surface.
The intestines’ primary role is digestion, however, they must also achieve high performance around the clock defending against pathogens and environmental pollutants. This is because everything taken up with food … Continue Reading Study shows how an important intestinal immune response controller works.
Towards a universal HIV vaccine with the identification of first immature ‘elite controller’ antibody.
HIV has been hard to beat as the virus mutates rapidly and has a sturdy set of defenses, including a ‘shield’ of glycan molecules on the surface of its envelope … Continue Reading Towards a universal HIV vaccine with the identification of first immature ‘elite controller’ antibody.
Allergies are characterized by inappropriate inflammatory responses to benign environmental antigens. Primary clinical approaches to allergic disease consist of symptom control or administration of soluble antigens to skew the immune response … Continue Reading Novel nanoparticle acts like Trojan horse to halt asthma in animal model.
The earliest events that occur following mucosal HIV-1 exposure remain poorly understood, largely because the eclipse period of infection prior to the detectable disease is very difficult to study in … Continue Reading Earliest ever events following HIV infection mapped for the first time.
The innate immune system is hard-wired to protect people from infection. However, mutations in these protective genes can lead to uncontrolled inflammation, resulting in autoinflammatory disease. Autoinflammatory diseases are characterized … Continue Reading Precision medicine study identifies decades-old mysterious, rare and debilitating disease.
It is known that Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) gradually kills nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It is one of the most prevalent neuromuscular diseases, resulting in more … Continue Reading Study shows microglia has a direct role in the development of Lou Gehrig’s disease.
It is known that HIV, the causative agent of AIDS, is severely species restricted, and, to date, only humans and chimpanzees have been shown to be susceptible to infection. Human … Continue Reading First-ever study proves HIV targets & replicates in human macrophages.
Type 1 diabetes is the autoimmune form of diabetes, in which insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed by immune cells, especially those known as T cells. Insulin is … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown class of antigen present in T1 diabetes.
The immune system exercises constant vigilance to protect the body from external threats, including what the person eats and drinks. A careful balancing act plays out as digested food travels … Continue Reading Study finds neurons in gut regulate the immune system to control inflammation.
Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most often, prostate cancer spreads to the bones and also to the liver … Continue Reading Nanoparticles hitchhike on whiteblood cells to kill tumour cells in bloodstream.
When pathogens infect the cells of the body, the infection sets off a chain reaction involving the immune system that changes the expression of hundreds of genes. Gene expression is … Continue Reading Multiple signatures left on the immune system by viral infections identified for the first time.