Stem cells contained within the human body can differentiate into many different types of cells, in some cases regenerating or repairing tissue. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), commonly known as blood … Continue Reading A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
Like billions of supporting military units in addition to immune cells in the body, eukaryotic cells contained in all mammals also add to the body’s immune system via their own … Continue Reading Newly discovered cell defense soaks up toxins like a sponge.
The body’s protector from all things dangerous, the immune system is a highly adaptive line of defense in the body consisting of a network of cells, skin and proteins guarding … Continue Reading First three-component artificial immune system made of DNA computers.
Policing what goes in and out of the body, the immune system is a line of defense guarding against infection whilst distinguishing foreign bodies from the person’s healthy tissue. One … Continue Reading Previously unknown human immune cell discovered.
The enigmatic giant virus is a recently discovered subclass of extremely large viruses infecting eukaryotic organisms. These viruses are characterized by the large size of their virions and contain many … Continue Reading Researchers discover new virus with no recognizable genes.
Due to the current novel coronavirus (nCoV) pandemic, researchers are vigorously rushing to investigate this and other diseases transmitted by animals to humans in an international bid to produce a … Continue Reading Synthetic decoy molecule neutralizes a range of animal-to-human viruses.
Containing a mini-ecology of its own, the human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, a symbiotic entity crucial for digesting food and regulating the immune system. Gut … Continue Reading Gut microbiota that impairs normal skeletal growth identified.
In a partnership thought to originate in ancient times the presence of mitochondria in human cells originates from a symbiotic relationship between primitive eukaryotic cells and prokaryotes. Mitochondria are responsible … Continue Reading A new component of human blood identified.
A devastating disease, childhood leukemia, the most prevalent type of cancer in children and teens, is a cancer of the body’s immune cells, also known as white blood cells. Abnormal … Continue Reading Human immune cells in-a-dish produced in world’s first.
In the female reproductive system ovarian follicles are the basic unit of the ovary, consisting of an immature egg, known as an oocyte, surrounded by granulosa cells. Besides being crucial … Continue Reading Mice born from eggs derived from the granulosa cells surrounding oocytes.
Antibiotics are medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria adapt in response to the use of these medicines and become immune to their mode … Continue Reading Deadly superbugs killed by molecular drills.
The latest innovations in pharmaceutical manufacturing sees the genes of bacteria manipulated to enable the production of large quantities of compounds such as insulin or human growth hormone. Currently, much … Continue Reading Microbes programmed to produce desired compounds autonomously.
When a person catches a bacterial infection, they are usually prescribed a course of antibiotics, medicines used to prevent and treat illnesses caused by this class of pathogens. Antibiotic resistance … Continue Reading New bacterial survival mechanism identified in antibiotic resistance.
The brain is comprised of billions of brain cells, a vast network of synapses and neurons transmitting electronic impulses like many stars in an infinite universe. A crucial support system … Continue Reading New role identified for astrocytes in brain processing.
A worldwide rise in immune and inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis and inflammatory bowel diseases has been linked to Western society-based changes in lifestyle and environment. These include decreased … Continue Reading Sunlight affects the gut microbiota and vitamin D levels.
A bacteriophage, also known as a phage, is a naturally-occurring virus with the awesome capability to infect and kill bacteria by injecting their DNA into bacterial cells which replicates until … Continue Reading Synthetic bacteriophages with programmable bacteria specificity engineered.