When a person catches a bacterial infection, they are usually prescribed a course of antibiotics, medicines used to prevent and treat illnesses caused by this class of pathogens. Antibiotic resistance … Continue Reading New bacterial survival mechanism identified in antibiotic resistance.
The brain is comprised of billions of brain cells, a vast network of synapses and neurons transmitting electronic impulses like many stars in an infinite universe. A crucial support system … Continue Reading New role identified for astrocytes in brain processing.
A worldwide rise in immune and inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis and inflammatory bowel diseases has been linked to Western society-based changes in lifestyle and environment. These include decreased … Continue Reading Sunlight affects the gut microbiota and vitamin D levels.
A bacteriophage, also known as a phage, is a naturally-occurring virus with the awesome capability to infect and kill bacteria by injecting their DNA into bacterial cells which replicates until … Continue Reading Synthetic bacteriophages with programmable bacteria specificity engineered.
Infectious diseases continue to affect and kill a multitude of people worldwide, with vaccination seen as the most powerful weapon against this threat. Vaccines are prepared from weakened forms of … Continue Reading Synthetic vaccine can be stored at warmer temperatures.
According to the CDC, Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is the most common vaginal infection in women aged between 15 and 44, affecting an estimated 21.2 million women nationwide. BV is associated … Continue Reading Researchers developing vaginal microbiota transplant to treat bacterial vaginosis.
To ensure all living animals and humans avoid as much danger as possible, they have an inbuilt ‘fight-or-flight’ response. The fight-or-flight response, also known as the acute stress response (ASR), … Continue Reading Bone not adrenaline drives fight or flight response.
Bacteria are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, with much work needed to stem the rise of multi-drug resistance. Often, resistance is mediated by genes, which can simply jump from one … Continue Reading New microbiota-based mode of antibiotic-resistant spread identified.
Antibiotic consumption is on the rise, causing increased resistance in bacteria. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria develop the ability to resist the effects of medication used to successfully treat it … Continue Reading New artificial cell can engulf live bacteria via endocytosis.
A crucial part of our defence against disease, the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome can even affect how cancer immunotherapy works. However, little research has focused on the … Continue Reading The tumour microbiome influences immune response and survival in pancreatic cancer.
Obesity and its associated illness type 2 diabetes (T2D) have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. Increased food intake and lack of exercise are two main contributing factors, with past research firmly … Continue Reading Specific microbiota identified which prevents obesity.
At the inception of human evolution, a symbiotic bacterial parasite was acquired and incorporated as part of the body, a million years on this parasite is now known as our … Continue Reading Orally-ingestible pill tests the microbiome at any stage of the gastrointestinal tract.
Existing in its own universe, controlling and caring for its host, the human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, responsible for digesting food and regulating the immune … Continue Reading Gut microbiota protect against neurologic damage from viral infections.
Mining the gut microbiota, the trillions of microbes living in our digestive system is a promising approach for developing new sensors providing a response to disease and abnormalities in the … Continue Reading Bacteria containing DNA computer provides diagnostics for the gut microbiota.
Cancer immunotherapy, which uses the body’s immune defenses to fight cancer, has transformed cancer treatment over the past decade, however, only a handful of solid tumors have responded to treatment, … Continue Reading Synthetic bacteria delivers nanobodies to kill cancer.
Ever evolving, getting more and more minute, the imaging of cells and tissues has been a cornerstone of biology ever since cells were discovered under the light microscope centuries ago. … Continue Reading Imaging gets reinvented with new DNA microscopy technique.