Regulation and control of the body and its processes are overseen by electrochemical signals across synapses, the dynamic spaces between nerve cells. Now, two studies from researchers at UT Southwestern Medical … Continue Reading Protein once thought to be exclusive to neurons helps some cancers grow and spread.
According to the World Health Organization, cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide and is projected to increase 45% between 2007 and 2030, which will involve more than 15 … Continue Reading The first epigenetic test to diagnose tumours of unknown origin.
It has been established that not all cancer cells are equally aggressive, most can be neutralised with radiation and chemotherapy. Now, a study from researchers at Lund University shows that … Continue Reading Study shows cancer cells can become aggressive and metastasize by storing fat cells.
Breast cancer is notorious for its ability to relapse after many years, long after a patient had completed treatment. A major site of disease dissemination and relapse is bone, although … Continue Reading Researchers successfully block circulating breast cancer cells from entering bones.
It is known that the cells inside a malignant cancer tumour differ a lot. While some cancer cells do not cause trouble, others become aggressive and start to spread, or … Continue Reading Protein which characterises and regulates the spread of aggressive cancer cells identified.
Prostate cancer is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most often, prostate cancer spreads to the bones and also to the liver … Continue Reading Nanoparticles hitchhike on whiteblood cells to kill tumour cells in bloodstream.
The metastatic progression of breast cancer accounts for the majority of disease-related mortality. However, despite the advent of advanced technologies, the discovery of new metastasis suppressor genes that prevent the … Continue Reading Major epigenetic metastasis-supressor identified for breast cancer.
As a part of the human immune system, white blood cells create a number of enzymes that help fight disease. Sometimes, these enzymes can malfunction, causing damage to the body … Continue Reading Study sheds light on cancer-spreading enzymes produced by the immune-system.
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a potent tyrosine kinase, which regulates basic cell functions such as proliferation. EGFR has been strongly associated with poor prognosis in many types … Continue Reading Researchers identify a previously unknown mechanism in cancer metastasis.
There is well-established evidence that free radicals can cause cancer so researchers had assumed that antioxidants, which destroy them, provide protection against the disease. Found in many nutritional supplements, antioxidants … Continue Reading Study shows antioxidants speed-up the metastasis of malignant melanoma.
Bone metastasis is the only type of metastasis that can be controlled, but not cured, by drugs. Treatment is only given once the metastasis has been identified, which is normally … Continue Reading Researchers identify the precise gene responsible for metastasis of breast cancer to the bone.
Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers, and melanoma, which accounts for 2% of skin cancer cases, is responsible for nearly all skin cancer deaths. Melanoma rates in … Continue Reading Researchers identify the precise trigger of melanoma.
While the use of antiangiogenesis drugs that block the growth of new blood vessels can improve the treatment of some cancers, clinical trials of their ability to prevent the development … Continue Reading Study answers debate and proves lymph node metastases doesn’t need new blood vessel growth.
For years, scientists have been puzzled by the presence of short stretches of genetic material floating inside a variety of cells, ranging from bacteria to mammals, including humans. These fragments … Continue Reading Researchers identify new role for tRNA fragments in tumour suppression.
A protein produced by nerve cells appears to be elevated in the blood of those with an aggressive form of neuroblastoma. The findings, presented at the American Association for Cancer … Continue Reading Human studies show specific nerve cell protein is elevated by an aggressive form of neuroblastoma.
Compared to other types of breast cancer, triple negative breast cancers are often more aggressive and have fewer treatment options. In a new study published in the journal Proceedings of … Continue Reading Researchers characterise the unique nutrient needs of triple negative breast cancer.