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Categorymicroglia

Neuroimaging shows that astrocytes are responsible for joining the 2 halves of the brain together.

A significant milestone in the evolution of the mammalian brain is the emergence of the corpus callosum, which is exclusively present in placental mammals.  This commissure forms the largest axon … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that astrocytes are responsible for joining the 2 halves of the brain together.

Cell therapy successfully promotes axon remyelination in an animal model.

Demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and leukodystrophy, are characterized by damage to the protective myelin sheath that surrounds the axons of neurons. This demyelination can be caused by an … Continue Reading Cell therapy successfully promotes axon remyelination in an animal model.

Neuroimaging shows how the brain switches from past to present memory mode.

The hippocampus is a critical structure for encoding of novel experiences. A particularly compelling puzzle is how the hippocampus encodes new information in the presence of interference from past memories.  … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows how the brain switches from past to present memory mode.

Study breaks new ground on the role and formation of astrocytes in the brain.

Astrocytes are star-shaped cells in the brain that surround brain cells, known as neurons, protecting them from injury and enabling them to function properly.  The brain contains billions of cells, … Continue Reading Study breaks new ground on the role and formation of astrocytes in the brain.

Researchers purify and grow human astrocytes-in-a-dish for the first time ever.

Astrocytes are star-shaped glial cells in the brain and spinal cord.  They perform many functions, including biochemical support of endothelial cells that form the blood–brain barrier, provision of nutrients to … Continue Reading Researchers purify and grow human astrocytes-in-a-dish for the first time ever.