In a partnership thought to originate in ancient times the presence of mitochondria in human cells originates from a symbiotic relationship between primitive eukaryotic cells and prokaryotes. Mitochondria are responsible … Continue Reading A new component of human blood identified.
Strenuous exercise in moderation translates into better endurance, however, it is unclear in precise medical terms which specific proteins trigger the health benefits gained through this exertion. Now, a study … Continue Reading Researchers identify precision medicine-based power switch for muscles.
When exposed to cold, clusters of cells within the body’s white fat become beige, a colour change which reflects the creation of more energy-producing mitochondria, cellular components that enable cells … Continue Reading Study shows that fat cells which amplify nerve signals in response to cold also affect blood sugar.
In oncology, the Warburg effect is the observation that that the driver of tumourigenesis is an insufficient cellular respiration caused by insult to mitochondria. It postulates that most cancer cells, … Continue Reading Study uncovers vital Warburg effect pathway in brain tumour formation and metabolism.
Nervous system injuries affect over 90,000 people every year, with spinal cord injuries alone estimated to affect 10,000 people each year. As a result of this high incidence of neurological … Continue Reading Researchers successfully control mitochondria to regenerate damaged neurons.
Mitochondria, often called the cell’s energy powerhouse, are small organelles which reside in a cell’s cytoplasm and convert food into energy or building blocks. Mutations in mitochondrial DNA, or mtDNA, … Continue Reading Performing single-cell surgery with a laser-powered nanoblade.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues, it can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, brain, and other organs. … Continue Reading Study shows how mitochondria drives autoimmune response in lupus.
It is known that the cells inside a malignant cancer tumour differ a lot. While some cancer cells do not cause trouble, others become aggressive and start to spread, or … Continue Reading Protein which characterises and regulates the spread of aggressive cancer cells identified.
Mitochondria are spherical or rod-shaped organelles found within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, referred to as the powerhouse of the cell as they act as the site for the production … Continue Reading Decades-long mystery solved of how mitochondria’s energy currency is maintained.
It is known that cell death is a mechanism used by multicellular organisms to help them survive by removing infected, damaged or unwanted cells. Mitochondria are known as the energy-generating … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown pathway for cell death.
Mitochondria are the cellular powerplant and, reliant on nutrient status, it is known that Vitamin B turns mitochondria into cellular builders. Through vitamin B, mitochondria produce substances to make ingredients … Continue Reading Mitochondria dysfunction shown to cause vitamin b imbalance and genetic changes.
A large body of data gathered over the last decades has identified the neuronal pathways which link the central nervous system with the autonomic innervation of the endocrine pancreas. These … Continue Reading Study shows brain cell mitochondria controls blood-sugar levels after a meal.
Age is the largest risk factor for numerous pathologies, ranging from neurodegeneration to cancer. These pathologies likely arise from a loss of tissue homeostasis driven by one or more basic … Continue Reading New role for mitochondria identified in cellular senescence and aging.
The heart is the organ responsible for pumping blood and supplying nutrients and oxygen to all organs and cells of the body. The cells charged with these functions are the … Continue Reading Researchers identify link between a mitochondrial defect and heart disease.
Glutamate is an amino acid with very different functions. In the pancreas, it modulates the activity of the pancreatic ß-cells responsible for insulin production, whereas in the brain it is … Continue Reading Study verifies long-standing hypothesis that glutamate is brain’s energy-source.
Statins are a popular and easy-to-swallow option for people looking to lower their cholesterol. However, for a quarter of patients, statins come with muscle pain, stiffness, cramps, or weakness without … Continue Reading Researchers link statins to disruption of muscle mitochondria.