Acting as natural computers, our brains contain trillions of cells to store memory and control the body’s functions and emotions. Around one in ten of the countless cells in the … Continue Reading Microglia filmed shaping synapses for the first time.
Researchers use AI to rescue embryos from brain defects by re-engineering cellular voltage patterns.
Improper neural patterning during brain development leads to serious disorders such as open neural tube defects, brain malformations, and susceptibility to autism or degenerative disorders. There are currently no clinically … Continue Reading Researchers use AI to rescue embryos from brain defects by re-engineering cellular voltage patterns.
One percent of adults and 5% of children are unable to achieve what most of us take for granted, speaking without stuttering. Instead, they struggle with words, often repeating the … Continue Reading Researchers map the cause of stuttering in the brain.
Identifying relevant genetic interactions contributing to neurodevelopmental disorders is a huge challenge facing scientists. Now, a study from researchers at the Whitehead Institute identifies a direct link between deletions in … Continue Reading Genetic body/brain connection identified in genomic region linked to autism.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
The brain controls all functions in the body and interprets information from the outside world with intelligence, creativity, emotion, and memory all governed by the central nervous system. The central … Continue Reading Researchers identify the control mechanism of synapse formation.
An intricate sensory network intertwined across our bodies, the nervous system requires a specialized network of blood vessels for its development and survival. However, it is still unclear as to … Continue Reading Study shows that neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels.
The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from researchers led by McMaster … Continue Reading Study identifies autism gene which regulates dendrite development to slow down brain communication.
A significant milestone in the evolution of the mammalian brain is the emergence of the corpus callosum, which is exclusively present in placental mammals. This commissure forms the largest axon … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that astrocytes are responsible for joining the 2 halves of the brain together.
A neuron is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals in the brain. These signals between neurons occur via synapses, which connect to … Continue Reading Study maps neurogenetics of dendritic growth and formation.
Nervous system injuries affect over 90,000 people every year, with spinal cord injuries alone estimated to affect 10,000 people each year. As a result of this high incidence of neurological … Continue Reading Researchers successfully control mitochondria to regenerate damaged neurons.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
Compared to other mammals, humans have the largest cerebral cortex. A sheet of brain cells that folds in on itself multiple times in order to fit inside the skull, the … Continue Reading Researchers identify and map a previously unknown gene critical for human brain development.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social communication and interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour. Approximately 1 in 70 children are diagnosed with ASD … Continue Reading Researchers identify new blood-based biomarker for boys with autism.
Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is related to many effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco. A number of studies have shown that tobacco … Continue Reading Large-scale study finds smoking during pregnancy raises risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines which communicate with other brain cells via synapses. It is known that the number of these brain connections … Continue Reading Study identifies cause of dendritic pruning defect linked to autism and schizophrenia.