Easily accessible and highly habit-forming, alcohol is now one of the world’s most addictive substances, with roughly two billion individuals worldwide consuming it and three million associated with its misuse … Continue Reading Researchers map key neural circuit regulating alcohol consumption.
The brain is comprised of billions of brain cells, a vast network of synapses and neurons transmitting electronic impulses like many stars in an infinite universe. A crucial support system … Continue Reading New role identified for astrocytes in brain processing.
A person’s memory is where the brain encodes, stores, and retrieves information, where it can also be used as a record of experience for guiding learned behavior. Different areas of … Continue Reading Specific neurons responsible for location-based memories decoded and identified.
A natural inbuilt timer, the circadian rhythm is a 24-hour cycle in all humans, plants, and animals determining sleep and feeding patterns. Circadian rhythms are endogenously generated and can be … Continue Reading The skin keeps time independently of the brain.
Neurologically capable neurobot a step closer to integrating nanobots into biological nerval systems.
The human brain presents a powerful, low-energy computing model, made up billions of networked neurons connected by synapses which provide the memory elements. Synaptic connections can become stronger or weaker, … Continue Reading Neurologically capable neurobot a step closer to integrating nanobots into biological nerval systems.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, affecting more than 300 million people globally, characterized by persistent sadness and a loss of interest in activities, accompanied by an inability … Continue Reading Gender-distinct circuit for depression identified in mice.
Chronic pain is defined as any persistent pain which lasts more than 3 months, with research indicting over 85% of patients suffering from chronic pain are affected by severe depression, … Continue Reading Molecular link between chronic pain and depression identified.
In cervical spinal cord injury, the most severe of spinal cord injuries, around 20% of patients are left tetraplegic, with all four limbs partially or completely paralyzed. Tetraplegia is caused … Continue Reading Unprecedented brain-computer exoskeleton allows a tetraplegic patient to move.
Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pauses and repeated sounds or words, which disrupt the normal flow of speech, causing great embarrassment for some sufferers. For 1 in 4 … Continue Reading Brain cell involved in stuttering identified.
Many ethical, as well as supply issues, surround the use of human brain tissue in research, because of this stem cells are used to develop mini-brains or ‘organoids’, a pea-sized … Continue Reading Brain waves detected in lab-grown mini brains.
Like a myriad of stars interacting with the expanse of space, the brain contains billions of interlaced and communicating neurons supported by the brain’s immune cells, known as glia. The … Continue Reading Researchers show astrocytes are crucial for establishing long-term memory in mice.
An out-of-control pandemic still growing after many decades, chronic pain is the most common reason for physician consultation in most developed countries around the world, with almost one in five … Continue Reading Previously unknown sensory organ identified.
In early evolution gene duplication is an important event that resulted in new genes and genetically novel organisms. A classic example is the small soluble protein ferredoxin, an iron-sulfur protein … Continue Reading Researchers insert a synthetic primordial protein into a living organism.
In another amazing feat, the brain can measure time continuously, keeping the person aware of how long they have performed a certain task, such as eating or sleeping. This exact … Continue Reading Long hypothesized, elusive neuron finally discovered.
Existing in its own universe, controlling and caring for its host, the human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, responsible for digesting food and regulating the immune … Continue Reading Gut microbiota protect against neurologic damage from viral infections.
Researchers have long been using the field of optogenetics, a biological technique involving the use of light to control cells in living tissue, typically neurons, which have been engineered to … Continue Reading Researchers wirelessly hack master gene using nanophotonics.