Existing in its own universe, controlling and caring for its host, the human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, responsible for digesting food and regulating the immune … Continue Reading Gut microbiota protect against neurologic damage from viral infections.
Researchers have long been using the field of optogenetics, a biological technique involving the use of light to control cells in living tissue, typically neurons, which have been engineered to … Continue Reading Researchers wirelessly hack master gene using nanophotonics.
Direct brain-to-brain interfaces (BBIs) in humans are computer interfaces combining neuroimaging and neurostimulation to extract and share information between brains, allowing direct brain-to-brain communication. The potential for BBIs able to … Continue Reading Brain-to-brain interface allows multiple people to problem solve together using only their minds.
When a person looks at an object, each eye sees it from a slightly different angle and sends those binocular-based pictures back to the brain. The differences between the two … Continue Reading Neurons responsible for 3D vision identified.
Robotic instruments have been assisting clinical staff and engineers alike for many years, with prosthetic robotic arms, which allow people who have lost a limb to regain freedom of movement, … Continue Reading First successful non-invasive mind-controlled robotic arm.
Dyslexia is one of the most widespread learning disabilities, with many different therapeutic and learning strategies used to tackle the reading and writing difficulties associated with the disorder, however to-date … Continue Reading Researchers map the neural mechanisms of dyslexia in the brain.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects an estimated one in 59 people in the United States, causing adverse social communication and repetitive behavior. Many factors, including genetic and environmental effects, are … Continue Reading Human microbiota transplant transfers autism phenotype to mice.
Causing contrasting episodes of mania and depression bipolar disorder (BD) can be an exhausting illness. BD is a chronic and recurrent mental disorder with a worldwide prevalence of around 0.8%, … Continue Reading Gut microbiota significantly different in patients with bipolar disorder.
Memorizing and predicting aversive or unpleasant events is a critical function of neural circuits responsible for survival and emotional well-being. There is much interest in how the brain creates the … Continue Reading Brain pathways of aversion identified.
The link between the gut microbiota, also known as the second brain, and mental health has long been studied. The idea of substances produced by the symbiotic microorganisms in the … Continue Reading Gut microbiome linked to mental health.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder where people have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep for a healthy amount of time, with over 770 million people suffering from sleeplessness worldwide. Currently, … Continue Reading 1.3 million patient genetics study identifies brain cells involved in insomnia.
Stroke, traumatic brain injury, and neurodegenerative diseases can all cause the loss of the ability to speak. Some people with severe speech disabilities learn to spell out their thoughts letter-by-letter … Continue Reading Synthetic speech generated from brain signals.
All of our thoughts, bodily functions, memories, and senses are controlled by the central nervous system (CNS), consisting of the brain and spinal cord. Inside the CNS it is the … Continue Reading Textbooks redefined as microglia seen entering the Peripheral Nervous System.
Self-harm is when somebody intentionally damages or injures their body as a way of coping with very difficult feelings, painful memories or overwhelming situations. Self-inflicted injury in adolescence is a … Continue Reading Neuroimaging maps brain changes in self-harming teenage girls.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety-based disorder that can develop after a person is involved in or has witnessed traumatic events. The main treatment for people with PTSD are … Continue Reading New brain region that suppresses fear identified.
A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) marries the brain to Artificial Intelligence (AI), using signals recorded from the brain to enable communication or to control a neuroprosthesis. This technology is now being … Continue Reading Researchers translate brain signals directly into speech.