When a person is expecting something, like the meal they’ve ordered at a restaurant, or when or when something captures their interest, unique electrical rhythms sweep through your brain. These … Continue Reading Memory relies on astrocytes, the brain’s lesser known cells.
Using data from over 18,000 patients, scientists have identified more than two dozen genetic risk factors involved in Parkinson’s disease, including six that had not been previously reported. Unravelling the … Continue Reading NIH scientists find 6 new genetic risk factors for Parkinson’s.
UT Southwestern researchers uncover new brain pathways for understanding Type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified neural pathways that increase understanding of how the brain regulates body weight, energy expenditure, and blood glucose levels, a discovery that can … Continue Reading UT Southwestern researchers uncover new brain pathways for understanding Type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability often occur together and may even share similar genetic causes. Researchers reporting in Cell Reports have now linked mutations in a particular gene to … Continue Reading Mutated gene linked to both autism and intellectual disability.
Could the body’s own immune system play a role in memory impairment and cognitive dysfunction associated with conditions like chronic epilepsy, Alzheimer’s dementia and concussions?. The study focuses on the … Continue Reading Immune response protein is a link between brain injury and brain disorders.
Children who have been abused or neglected early in life are at risk for developing both emotional and physical health problems. In a new study, scientists have found that maltreatment … Continue Reading Stress tied to change in children’s gene expression related to emotion regulation, physical health.
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder that causes obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviours, and other behaviours on the autistic spectrum, as well as cognitive deficits. It is the most … Continue Reading Study links autistic behaviours to enzyme.
Researchers from the Rutgers University have demonstrated the use of their ‘brain-on-a-chip’ microsystem to assess specific effects of traumatic axonal injury. While their model uses the three dimensional cell structure … Continue Reading Successful ‘brain-on-a-chip’ axonal strain injury model developed.
As part of a multinational, collaborative effort, researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have helped identify over 100 locations in the human genome associated with the … Continue Reading Mount Sinai scientists and international team shed new light on schizophrenia.
Researchers from the Rita Levi Montalcini Department of Neuroscience have identified blood biomarkers for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). The team identified the blood biomarkers serum albumin and creatinine as being … Continue Reading Biomarkers identified for Lou Gehrig’s disease.
Dysfunction in dopamine signalling profoundly changes the activity level of about 2,000 genes in the brain’s prefrontal cortex and may be an underlying cause of certain complex neuropsychiatric disorders, such … Continue Reading UCI researchers find epigenetic tie to neuropsychiatric disorders.
Nearly 60 percent of the risk of developing autism is genetic and most of that risk is caused by inherited variant genes that are common in the population and present … Continue Reading Common gene variants account for most of the genetic risk for autism.
Throughout a person’s life, their brains adapt to what they learn and memorise. The brain is indeed made up of complex networks of neurons and synapses that are constantly re-configured. … Continue Reading How the brain stabilizes its connections in order to learn better.
The human body produces substances, called endocannabinoids, that work in a similar way to cannabis. These endocannabinoids may not produce a ‘high’, but are of tremendous importance for the functioning … Continue Reading Increased levels of the body’s own cannabinoids impair embryonic brain development.
A new study by researchers at the University of Oregon published in the journal Neuron describes a brainstem circuit in mice that may help explain how active movement impacts the … Continue Reading Oregon study details brain pathways linking visual function, running.
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have discovered that the protein PARC/CUL9 helps neurons and brain cancer cells override the biochemical mechanisms that lead to cell death in most … Continue Reading Neurons, brain cancer cells require the same little-known protein for long-term survival.