Dyslexia is one of the most widespread learning disabilities, with many different therapeutic and learning strategies used to tackle the reading and writing difficulties associated with the disorder, however to-date … Continue Reading Researchers map the neural mechanisms of dyslexia in the brain.
The link between the gut microbiota, also known as the second brain, and mental health has long been studied. The idea of substances produced by the symbiotic microorganisms in the … Continue Reading Gut microbiome linked to mental health.
Stroke, traumatic brain injury, and neurodegenerative diseases can all cause the loss of the ability to speak. Some people with severe speech disabilities learn to spell out their thoughts letter-by-letter … Continue Reading Synthetic speech generated from brain signals.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety-based disorder that can develop after a person is involved in or has witnessed traumatic events. The main treatment for people with PTSD are … Continue Reading New brain region that suppresses fear identified.
A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) marries the brain to Artificial Intelligence (AI), using signals recorded from the brain to enable communication or to control a neuroprosthesis. This technology is now being … Continue Reading Researchers translate brain signals directly into speech.
The neurons of the human brain are widely assumed to be encoded within a constant genome, with set genetic variant products and functions for neuronal networks. Somatic gene recombination, known … Continue Reading DNA recombination identified in brain cells, linked to Alzheimer’s.
The enteric nervous system (ENS) is known as the second brain, or the brain in the gut, due to the fact it can operate independently of the central nervous system … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown neuronal activity in the gut.
Welcome to The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016, the third-year in our successful series, where the most exciting discoveries and breakthroughs are decided by you, the global medical community. This … Continue Reading The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016.
Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a disorder of brain development and it shares many risk factors, both genetic and environmental, with other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual … Continue Reading Scientists begin to map neurodevelopment of schizophrenia.
A new class of compounds has now been shown to protect brain cells from the type of damage caused by blast-mediated traumatic brain injury (TBI). Mice that were treated with … Continue Reading Compound protects brain cells after traumatic brain injury.
Biologists claim that humans can perceive and distinguish a trillion different odours, but little is known about the underlying chemical processes involved. Researchers from The City College of New York, Duke … Continue Reading Chemists discover new mode of detection in nose for common class of odours.
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) lose myelin in the grey matter of their brains and the loss is closely correlated with the severity of the disease, according to a new … Continue Reading New neuroimaging technique links grey matter myelin loss to severity of MS.
The same sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce their risk of autism, scientists say. In the first look at a potential role of the female … Continue Reading Estrogen receptor expression may help explain why more males have autism.
People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, … Continue Reading Eating habits, body fat related to differences in brain chemistry.
Tinnitus, migraine, epilepsy, depression, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s; all these are examples of diseases with neurological causes, the treatment and study of which is more and more frequently being carried out by … Continue Reading Plastic changes to the brain due to TMS imaged for the first time.
An international team of researchers has identified a new inherited neuromuscular disorder. The rare condition is the result of a genetic mutation that interferes with the communication between nerves and … Continue Reading A new rare neuromuscular disease has been discovered by researchers.