The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus which causes HIV infection and over time AIDS. Developing effective prevention measures for HIV is hindered by incomplete knowledge of the phenotype … Continue Reading New technology lights up location of first cells to be infected in female HIV transmission.
Large-scale study provides definitive proof that antidepressants during pregnancy increases autism risk.
Antidepressants are the first line of treatment for depression and anxiety for pregnant women, and they are able to cross the placenta. Not many studies have evaluated the effects of … Continue Reading Large-scale study provides definitive proof that antidepressants during pregnancy increases autism risk.
Expanded use of engineered nanoparticles in consumer products and drug delivery increases the potential for environmental release, overexposure or unintended biological exposure. As a result, extraction techniques with integrated measurement … Continue Reading New technique can remove nanoparticles unaltered from blood with ease.
Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy is caused by mutations in any of at least 15 different genes and affects 1 in 14,500 to 1 in 123,000 annually. Individuals with Limb Girdle … Continue Reading Precision medicine for severe muscular dystrophy heads for clinical trials.
DNA methylation is essential for the proper control of gene expression and cell identity, what enables cells with the same genetic material to become, for example, a nerve cell, a … Continue Reading Single-cell imaging developed which can record DNA methylation in real time.
Statins are a popular and easy-to-swallow option for people looking to lower their cholesterol. However, for a quarter of patients, statins come with muscle pain, stiffness, cramps, or weakness without … Continue Reading Researchers link statins to disruption of muscle mitochondria.
Morphine mediates its euphoric and analgesic effects by acting on the μ-opioid receptor (MOR). MOR belongs to the family of G-protein coupled receptors whose signaling efficiency is controlled by the … Continue Reading Researchers identify key morphine regulator in the brain.
Premature birth is the birth of a baby at less than 37 weeks gestational age. Risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, being pregnant with more than one baby, being … Continue Reading Researchers identify a molecule which prevents preterm birth/labour.
A main barrier to immune therapy success has been the tumour’s ability to keep the immune system from functioning against the cancer. The immune cells are there, however, like an … Continue Reading Researchers use ‘demethylating’ precision medicine to fight cancer.
In the treatment of pain, a common course is to treat patients with opioid medications, these medications show limited effectiveness for neuropathic pain and come with safety and addiction issues. … Continue Reading Researchers map how antidepressants lessen neuropathic pain.
MERS is caused by an emerging human coronavirus, which is distinct from the SARS coronavirus. Since its identification in 2012, MERS has been linked to over 1,300 infections and close … Continue Reading New synthetic-DNA vaccine protects against MERS in simian model.
Researchers identify protein in the brain which inhibits key enzyme implicated in Alzheimer’s disease.
The need for a new approach to treatment of Alzheimer’s disease is urgent. Alzheimer’s is the most common age-related dementia and the number of cases in the United States is … Continue Reading Researchers identify protein in the brain which inhibits key enzyme implicated in Alzheimer’s disease.
A team of researchers from Washington University, National Institutes of Health and University of Illinois have developed a wireless device the width of a human hair that can be implanted in … Continue Reading Microfluid device can control neurons and delivery drugs wirelessly.
A group of researchers from Kyoto University have successfully visualized RNA behaviour and its response to drugs within the living tissue brain of live mice by labeling specific RNA molecules … Continue Reading Researchers have visualised changes made to RNA in the brain by administered drugs.
A collaborative team from The University of Texas and the National Institutes of Health have developed an inhalable vaccine that successfully protects primates against Ebola in simian trials. The team … Continue Reading First ever inhalable ebola vaccine is successful in simian trials.
Painful insulin injections could become a thing of the past for the millions of Americans who suffer from diabetes, thanks to a new invention from researchers at the University of … Continue Reading World’s first smart insulin patch could replace painful injections for diabetes.