The molecular intricacies of hunger and satiety, pivotal for understanding metabolic disorders and the problem of obesity, are not yet fully understood by scientists. How much a person eats and … Continue Reading Protein responsible for regulating feeding behaviour in the brain identified.
Kidney failure is a growing problem in the United States, every year, approximately 10,000 kidneys become available for transplant into patients with end-stage kidney disease. However, the waiting lists for … Continue Reading Mammalian kidney identified as a ‘blood-generating’ organ for the first time.
Glutamate is an amino acid with very different functions. In the pancreas, it modulates the activity of the pancreatic ß-cells responsible for insulin production, whereas in the brain it is … Continue Reading Study verifies long-standing hypothesis that glutamate is brain’s energy-source.
Researchers at the University of Michigan and UC Davis have solved a genetic mystery that has afflicted three unrelated families, and possibly others, for generations. These families have been plagued … Continue Reading Researchers map rare mutation causing vitamin A deficiency and eye deformities.
While recent reports question whether fish oil supplements support heart health, UC Irvine scientists have found that the fatty acids they contain are vitally important to the developing brain. In … Continue Reading Study shows neurodevelopment suffers from lack of fish oil fatty acids, importance of precursors.
Although serotonin is well known as a brain neurotransmitter, it is estimated that 90 percent of the body’s serotonin is made in the digestive tract. In fact, altered levels of … Continue Reading Researchers identify gut’s role in peripheral serotonin production and shaping the nervous system.
Vitamin D deficiency is not just harmful to physical health, it also might impact mental health, according to a team of researchers from the University of Pittsburgh and the Queensland … Continue Reading Vitamin D deficiency, lack of sunlight and depression linked in international study.
Two years ago, the parents of Chloe Olivarez watched painfully as their daughter experienced epileptic seizures hundreds of times a day. The seizures, caused by a rare metabolic disease that … Continue Reading Precursor reduces debilitating epileptic seizures.