In a crucial partnership dictating the lifelong habits and health of offspring, pregnancy is accompanied by alterations in the microbiome, bacteria living inside and on the body to aid in … Continue Reading Microbiota senses pregnancy, helps baby develop.
The basic human body plan, the arrangement of organs in the body, is laid down during embryonic development. Insight into the formation of this plan informs researchers re normal development … Continue Reading New 3D atlas of human embryonic growth clears up many misconceptions on development.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to evaluate obstetrical, placental, and fetal abnormalities in pregnant patients for more than 30 years. MRI is recognized as a beneficial diagnostic tool … Continue Reading Study shows that MRIs in first trimester of pregnancy not associated with increased risk to fetus.
Prematurely born babies may experience lifelong, debilitating consequences with the underlying mechanisms of this condition not well understood, due in part to the difficulties of experimenting with intact, living human … Continue Reading Researchers successfully develop first ever placenta-on-a-chip.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is related to many effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco. A number of studies have shown that tobacco … Continue Reading Large-scale study finds smoking during pregnancy raises risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
When skin cells responsible for pigmentation are exposed to estrogen or progesterone, the cells respond by adjusting their melanin production, resulting in either skin darkening or lightening. Although pregnant women … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown pathways that control skin tanning and lightening.
Brazil is in the midst of an unprecedented epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV), a flavivirus that is transmitted by mosquitoes and sexually, which was first detected in the country in … Continue Reading New research provides mechanism and evidence of how Zika virus causes microcephaly in newborns.
Infection and inflammation during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes, such as preterm birth, abortion, and postnatal cognitive disorders. Yet how microbial products circulating in the maternal bloodstream affect … Continue Reading Study shows maternal bacterial infections trigger abnormal neurogenesis in fetal brain.
Preeclampsia, which affects 5 to 8% of pregnancies worldwide, is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The disorder is the number one reason physicians decide to … Continue Reading New field-based test for preeclampsia validated in large-scale study.
Pre-term birth is a birth which takes place before 37 weeks of pregnancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2014, preterm birth affected one out of … Continue Reading Large-scale study successfully validates test for preterm birth risk.
More than 40,000 babies in the United States, or about 1 in 100 births, are born annually with a congenital heart defect. Congenital heart defect, is a problem in the … Continue Reading Researchers identify natural triggers to ‘override’ congenital heart defect in newborns.
Large-scale study provides definitive proof that antidepressants during pregnancy increases autism risk.
Antidepressants are the first line of treatment for depression and anxiety for pregnant women, and they are able to cross the placenta. Not many studies have evaluated the effects of … Continue Reading Large-scale study provides definitive proof that antidepressants during pregnancy increases autism risk.
With premature birth now a persistent health problem, the need for standardised biomarkers is a necessity. Amniotic fluid (AF) both contributes to and reflects the status of the fetus, and … Continue Reading Cell-free RNA in amniotic fluid used to identify stage of human fetal organ maturity.
Premature birth is the birth of a baby at less than 37 weeks gestational age. Risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, being pregnant with more than one baby, being … Continue Reading Researchers identify a molecule which prevents preterm birth/labour.
Premature births can mean low birth-weights and other medical problems for newborns, however, there are steps that doctors can take to reduce the chances of premature birth if early warning … Continue Reading New ultrasound technique shows potential for detecting preterm labour risk.