Congenital disease, estimated to cause the death of 276,000 infants within the first month of life each year across the globe, also causes childhood illness and long-term disability. Prenatal screening … Continue Reading Researchers successfully treat congenital disease in unborn mice via drug delivery to amniotic fluid.
It has been estimated that there are approximately 14.5 million cancer survivors in the United States. Growing scientific evidence shows that health-related risk behaviours including tobacco use, alcohol use, physical … Continue Reading New study provides further evidence of the link between sugar-sweetened beverages and cancer.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to evaluate obstetrical, placental, and fetal abnormalities in pregnant patients for more than 30 years. MRI is recognized as a beneficial diagnostic tool … Continue Reading Study shows that MRIs in first trimester of pregnancy not associated with increased risk to fetus.
Prematurely born babies may experience lifelong, debilitating consequences with the underlying mechanisms of this condition not well understood, due in part to the difficulties of experimenting with intact, living human … Continue Reading Researchers successfully develop first ever placenta-on-a-chip.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
Body mass index (BMI) is an important risk factor for breast cancer development and invasiveness. After menopause, women have an increased risk of developing breast cancer with increased BMI, while … Continue Reading New MRI technique links saturated fats to breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is related to many effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco. A number of studies have shown that tobacco … Continue Reading Large-scale study finds smoking during pregnancy raises risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
Preterm birth is a leading cause of infant mortality that can lead to poor life-long health and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. The physiologic mechanisms that precede preterm labor remain elusive, and … Continue Reading Epigenetics and environmental factors identified in preterm birth.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus which causes HIV infection and over time AIDS. Developing effective prevention measures for HIV is hindered by incomplete knowledge of the phenotype … Continue Reading New technology lights up location of first cells to be infected in female HIV transmission.
When skin cells responsible for pigmentation are exposed to estrogen or progesterone, the cells respond by adjusting their melanin production, resulting in either skin darkening or lightening. Although pregnant women … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown pathways that control skin tanning and lightening.
Now, researchers at Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre have identified a link between the BRCA1 gene mutation and lower levels of a hormone that is an indicator of the number of … Continue Reading Gene mutation implicated in cancer also linked to lower fertility in women.
Brazil is in the midst of an unprecedented epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV), a flavivirus that is transmitted by mosquitoes and sexually, which was first detected in the country in … Continue Reading New research provides mechanism and evidence of how Zika virus causes microcephaly in newborns.
Infection and inflammation during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes, such as preterm birth, abortion, and postnatal cognitive disorders. Yet how microbial products circulating in the maternal bloodstream affect … Continue Reading Study shows maternal bacterial infections trigger abnormal neurogenesis in fetal brain.
Preeclampsia, which affects 5 to 8% of pregnancies worldwide, is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The disorder is the number one reason physicians decide to … Continue Reading New field-based test for preeclampsia validated in large-scale study.
Pre-term birth is a birth which takes place before 37 weeks of pregnancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2014, preterm birth affected one out of … Continue Reading Large-scale study successfully validates test for preterm birth risk.
Antidepressants are the first line of treatment for depression and anxiety for pregnant women, and they are able to cross the placenta. Not many studies have evaluated the effects of … Continue Reading Large-scale study provides definitive proof that antidepressants during pregnancy increases autism risk.