Trillions of symbiotic microorganisms have evolved with and continue to live on and within human beings. Paired with other tiny organisms like viruses and fungi, they make up what’s known … Continue Reading Gut microbiota contributes to Type 2 diabetes.
In patients with diabetes, the immune system attacks the pancreas, eventually leaving patients without the ability to naturally control blood sugar. These patients must carefully monitor the amount of sugar … Continue Reading Living drug factories can be implanted to produce insulin for months.
Researchers have long explored ways to transplant pancreatic islets to treat type I diabetes in the long term to eliminate the need for continuous glucose monitoring and insulin injections. However, … Continue Reading Tiny drug-delivering capsules could sustain transplanted insulin-producing cells.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Type I diabetes is a disease with two parts, firstly, the beta cells are killed by the body’s own immune system, and then secondly they fail to regenerate, causing the … Continue Reading Previously unknown type of regenerating insulin-producing cell discovered.
Vital to our bodies, preproglucagon otherwise known as GCG peptides act in both the periphery and the CNS to change food intake, glucose homeostasis, and metabolic rate. Although the actions … Continue Reading Neurons successfully regulate appetite and glucose levels in mice.
When exposed to cold, clusters of cells within the body’s white fat become beige, a colour change which reflects the creation of more energy-producing mitochondria, cellular components that enable cells … Continue Reading Study shows that fat cells which amplify nerve signals in response to cold also affect blood sugar.
Several healthinnovations or disruptive technologies can be identified that might, at some point in the future, displace established laboratory medicine technologies and practices. One of these highly desirable technologies is … Continue Reading Researchers report the invention of glucose-sensing contact lens.
For raised heath properties it is known that, compared with modern grain varieties which are often heavily refined, ancient grains offer antioxidant and anti-inflammatory profiles. They also contain beneficial vitamins … Continue Reading Human trial suggests eating bread made with ancient grains lowers cholesterol and blood glucose.
It is known that insulin resistance is present long before the onset of type 2 diabetes and results not only from genetics and lifestyle factors but likely also from environmental … Continue Reading Large-scale study shows that air pollution raises type 2 diabetes risk.
Generally, researchers divide the human immune system into two parts. One part, called the innate immune system, allows for immediate and direct recognition of invading bacteria. It prompts immune cells … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown mechanism of the immune system.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes high blood sugar levels that are potentially fatal if left unmanaged. Injection of insulin is the primary treatment against this disease. Unfortunately a … Continue Reading New insulin pill successful in animal studies.
About 8% of Americans have type 2 diabetes, and another 25% of the population is at risk because of obesity. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that represents an … Continue Reading Study identifies new pathway in insulin resistance.
The rapid rise in obesity and associated spread of type 2 diabetes represent an enormous challenge for society, with no efficient and safe medicines to prevent or stop this development … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to control sugar in the brain, as well as neurons.
It is known that genetics plays a role in obesity, with genes directly causing obesity in disorders such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome. However, genes and behaviour may both … Continue Reading Human study shows ‘aggressive drunk’ gene may protect carriers from obesity and associated risks.
The pandemic of physical inactivity is associated with a range of chronic diseases and early deaths. Despite the well documented disease burden, the economic burden of physical inactivity remains unquantified … Continue Reading Physical inactivity cost the world $67 billion in 2013 says first ever estimate.