In adult reproduction daily oral contraceptive pills provide women with a means to avoid pregnancy which can support their health and economical situation. For oral contraception to be effective, consistent … Continue Reading Once-a-month oral contraceptive pill developed.
The latest innovations in pharmaceutical manufacturing sees the genes of bacteria manipulated to enable the production of large quantities of compounds such as insulin or human growth hormone. Currently, much … Continue Reading Microbes programmed to produce desired compounds autonomously.
When a person catches a bacterial infection, they are usually prescribed a course of antibiotics, medicines used to prevent and treat illnesses caused by this class of pathogens. Antibiotic resistance … Continue Reading New bacterial survival mechanism identified in antibiotic resistance.
For the greatest chance of survival, cancer screening needs to detect the disease before symptoms appear. Current cancer detection involves blood tests, urine tests, DNA tests, and/or medical imaging, however, … Continue Reading DNA computer can detect cancer on a single-cell basis.
An all too familiar and frustrating sight for doctors and nurses the world over, patients who suffer a cardiac arrest under their care due to trauma involving car accidents, gunshot … Continue Reading First human placed in suspended animation.
A person’s memory is where the brain encodes, stores, and retrieves information, where it can also be used as a record of experience for guiding learned behavior. Different areas of … Continue Reading Specific neurons responsible for location-based memories decoded and identified.
A worldwide rise in immune and inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis and inflammatory bowel diseases has been linked to Western society-based changes in lifestyle and environment. These include decreased … Continue Reading Sunlight affects the gut microbiota and vitamin D levels.
Nearly 12 million adults in the United States have been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, with roughly 180,000 patients dying annually with end-stage refractory lung diseases. The only option … Continue Reading Donor stem cells used to grow fully functioning lungs in live mice.
A bacteriophage, also known as a phage, is a naturally-occurring virus with the awesome capability to infect and kill bacteria by injecting their DNA into bacterial cells which replicates until … Continue Reading Synthetic bacteriophages with programmable bacteria specificity engineered.
In vitro testing is the controlled process of testing biological materials outside of the living organism in a synthetic environment set-up within laboratory equipment. Experimenting with tissues in culture can … Continue Reading Microfluid device kept live brain tissue functional for 25 days.
Much work is being done on human limb regeneration concentrating on the specific microRNA circuit used by zebrafish, bichirs, and axolotls to regulate the regrowth of amputated extremities. This work … Continue Reading Humans have the salamander-like ability to regenerate cartilage in joints.
Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
A natural inbuilt timer, the circadian rhythm is a 24-hour cycle in all humans, plants, and animals determining sleep and feeding patterns. Circadian rhythms are endogenously generated and can be … Continue Reading The skin keeps time independently of the brain.
The human brain presents a powerful, low-energy computing model, made up billions of networked neurons connected by synapses which provide the memory elements. Synaptic connections in the brain can become … Continue Reading Neurologically capable neurobot a step closer to integrating nanobots into the nervous systems.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, affecting more than 300 million people globally. This disorder is characterized by persistent sadness and a loss of interest in activities, accompanied … Continue Reading Gender-distinct circuit for depression identified in mice.
Chronic pain is defined as any persistent pain which lasts more than 3 months, with research indicting over 85% of patients suffering from chronic pain are affected by severe depression. … Continue Reading Molecular link between chronic pain and depression identified.