Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which primarily surfaces in childhood, where the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas, leaving children facing a lifetime of daily … Continue Reading Lower levels of four proteins crucial for immune response found in T1 diabetes patients.
A young woman now aged 18 and a half, who at birth was HIV-infected via mother-to-child transmission (during pregnancy or at delivery), is in virological remission, despite not having taken … Continue Reading World’s first case of long-term remission (12 years) in an HIV-infected child to be presented.
Approximately 28 million Americans live with Type 2 diabetes, a condition characterized by high blood sugar levels. The immune system plays a part in type 2 diabetes. Researchers have linked … Continue Reading Decades old mystery solved as researchers map the effect of T2 diabetes on the lymphatic vessels.
Every person wants to know what he or she can do to lower their risk of breast cancer. Some of the factors associated with breast cancer, such as sex, age … Continue Reading First ever human study validates anti-stress hormone as an indicator for breast cancer risk.
The human body is inhabited by billions of symbiotic bacteria, carrying a diversity that is unique to each individual. The microbiota is involved in many mechanisms, including digestion, vitamin synthesis … Continue Reading It’s official- Researchers map the role of microbiota in the immune system.
Natural killer cells of the immune system can fend off malignant lymphoma cells and thus are considered a promising therapeutic approach. However, previous studies show that in the direct vicinity … Continue Reading Researchers identify how lymphoma tumours evade the immune response.
Current asthma medications, which work by suppressing inflammatory signaling by immune cells or by dilating the airways, can stop working over time. Now, a new study from Boston Children’s Hospital, … Continue Reading Study successfully targets nerve endings to curb allergic asthma in animal model.
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have found for the first time that stress during the first trimester of pregnancy alters the population of microbes living in a mother’s vagina. … Continue Reading Study finds mother’s stress alters babies’ gut and neurodevelopment through vaginal microbiome.
University of California San Francisco scientists have identified characteristics of a family of daughter cells, called MPPs, which are the first to arise from stem cells within bone marrow that … Continue Reading Reseachers identify and map progenitor cells for blood and immune cell production.
An analysis of five families has revealed a previously unknown genetic immunodeficiency, says an international team led by researchers from Boston Children’s Hospital. The condition, linked to mutations in a … Continue Reading International team discovers previously unknown genetic immunodeficiency.
Involuntary childlessness is common, and in half of all cases attributable to infertility in the man. Although male infertility has many possible causes, it often remains unexplained. Now, a new … Continue Reading Researchers identify new cause of male infertility in human studies.
Clostridium difficile is a dangerous intestinal bacterium that can cause severe diarrhoea and life-threatening intestinal infections after long-term treatment with antibiotics. Bacteria such as this are becoming increasingly resistant to … Continue Reading The molecular docking site of the intestinal pathogen C. difficile has been identified.
A young woman has become the first in the world to give birth to a healthy child after doctors restored her fertility by transplanting ovarian tissue that had been removed … Continue Reading World’s first live birth after transplantation of ovarian tissue frozen during childhood.
A team of researchers from Brigham Young University have pinpointed a gene that may help solve a riddle at the root of diabetes, the high-blood-sugar disease affecting 400 million people … Continue Reading Researchers identify gene responsible for reactivating insulin-producing beta cells.
Scientists have long suspected that neuroinflammation caused by a reactive immune system could be tripping off the neurodegeneration seen in certain dementias, multiple sclerosis, and other deadly diseases of the … Continue Reading Immune response in the human brain accurately measured for the first time ever.
Metabolism experts are increasingly convinced that obesity and many of the pathogenic changes it entails, such as Metabolic Syndrome and type 2 diabetes, are a result of chronic inflammatory processes … Continue Reading Researchers identify enzyme in animal model responsible for metabolism disorders due to obesity.