Taste buds in the mouth are crucial for our survival, helping us to decide whether a certain food can be eaten or should be avoided. These mini warning systems contain … Continue Reading A new type of taste bud has been discovered.
Our onboard computer, the brain, is a sterile environment separated from the immune system by the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Consequently, this is why the brain has its own resident immune … Continue Reading New role for white blood cells in the developing brain.
The growing worldwide epidemic of respiratory diseases can be attributed to simple everyday factors such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, occupational chemicals, or dust. These diseases involve the infection or … Continue Reading How airway cells work together in regeneration and aging.
An extremely common condition rising at an alarming rate due to environmental and lifestyle causal elements, respiratory disease is the third leading cause of death worldwide. Despite the copious amounts … Continue Reading Severely damaged human lungs successfully recovered using transgenic system.
Cholera is a contagion that causes chronic diarrhea brought on through the intake of food or water contaminated with the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. Cholera affects roughly 4 million people per … Continue Reading Gut microbiota regulates resistance to cholera.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health issue, affecting over 10 percent of the global population, frequently occurring as a result of other disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, … Continue Reading Blocking brain signals detected in the kidney could help unlock treatments for kidney failure.
Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease involving the build-up of plaque consisting of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other blood-based substances. Sequentially, the plaque hardens and narrows the arteries to limit the … Continue Reading Molecules alter the gut microbiota to reverse narrowing of arteries in an animal study.
Symbiotic bacteria can be found living in and on the majority of our body’s surfaces, with 99 percent of these micro-interlopers inhabiting the human gastrointestinal tract. These intestinal microbes are … Continue Reading Augmented bacteriophage modulates gut microbiota to fight cancer.
Red blood cells (RBCs) are described as our very own shipping system, transporting oxygen from the lungs to the body’s tissues. Biological RBCs are extremely flexible, squeezing through tiny spaces … Continue Reading Synthetic red blood cells mimic natural ones, possess multiple applications.
Malaria is a tropical disease affecting humans and animals through the bite of a mosquito, causing fatalities when it is not diagnosed and treated promptly. The majority of malaria cases … Continue Reading Microbe shows promise in controlling the spread of malaria.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a commonly occurring bacterial infection affecting approximately thirty percent of women of reproductive age in the United States. BV is linked to the spread of HIV … Continue Reading Microbiome therapy protects against recurrent bacterial vaginosis.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease known to kill the neurons controlling the muscles responsible for the movement of limbs and walking, resulting in the complete paralysis … Continue Reading Gut microbiome influences ALS outcomes.
The gut microbiome is the aggregate genome of the microbiota living in the gastrointestinal tract, implicated in numerous host systemic functions, behaviors, and diseases. Past studies have shown probiotics, ingestible … Continue Reading Study finds the microbiota, genetics, and memory are linked.
Plasma cells are a type of immune cell originating in the bone marrow as B cells, another type of white blood cell. Once the B cells leave the bone marrow … Continue Reading Brain pathway capable of controlling adaptive immunity discovered.
Bacteria are abundant microscopic organisms found everywhere. Classed as a prokaryotic lifeform due to their unicellular status, they have many roles in nature such as being a source of numerous … Continue Reading Bacteria shown to have working memory similar to neurons.
The sugar epidemic in America has reached deadly proportions with the average person’s intake of this substance now averaging more than 100 pounds annually. Sugar addiction has been linked to … Continue Reading Researchers discover a new gut-to-brain sugar pathway.