Antibiotics are medicines used to prevent and treat bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria adapt in response to the use of these medicines and become immune to their mode … Continue Reading New class of antibiotic synthesized from the microbiome.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects an estimated one in 59 people in the United States, causing adverse social communication and repetitive behavior. Many factors, including genetic and environmental effects, are … Continue Reading Human microbiota transplant transfers autism phenotype to mice.
Platelets are cells found circulating in the bloodstream, helping to form blood clots to stop bleeding and promote healing when a person is injured. However, their hyperactivation can also contribute … Continue Reading Synthetic platelet ‘decoys’ outsmart both clots and cancer.
The link between the gut microbiota, also known as the second brain, and mental health has long been studied. The idea of substances produced by the symbiotic microorganisms in the … Continue Reading Gut microbiome linked to mental health.
In a crucial partnership dictating the lifelong habits and health of offspring, pregnancy is accompanied by alterations in the microbiome, bacteria living inside and on the body to aid in … Continue Reading Microbiota senses pregnancy, helps baby develop.
The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne disease designated a global public health concern, with more than two billion people at risk. For most people Zika manifests as a mild infection, … Continue Reading Synthetic antibody protects mice and monkeys from Zika.
All of our thoughts, bodily functions, memories, and senses are controlled by the central nervous system (CNS), consisting of the brain and spinal cord. Inside the CNS it is the … Continue Reading Textbooks redefined as microglia seen entering the Peripheral Nervous System.
Widely hailed as a breakthrough in cancer therapy, immunotherapies release the brakes of the body’s immune system to launch an efficient tumor attack, however, these treatments don’t work for every … Continue Reading Gut microbiome directs immune system to fight cancer.
Cervical cancer is a cancerous growth situated at the entrance of a woman’s womb, otherwise known as the cervix, mainly affecting sexually active females aged between 30 and 45. According … Continue Reading Link identified between cervical microbiome and cancer.
The human gut contains trillions of bacteria, known as the microbiota, which play a crucial role in digesting food and regulating the immune system. Multiple studies show certain bacteria and … Continue Reading Early-life exposure to microbiota restricts colon cancer later in life.
Microbiota is the name given to the trillions of microorganisms living in and on our bodies, which are crucial to the regulation and balance of human and animal health. A … Continue Reading Gut microbiota helps to maintain core body temperature under cold exposure.
The human heart has four valves, thin membranes known to open and close to control blood flow through the heart and the rest of the body. When the valves do … Continue Reading New type of immune cell discovered is crucial for heart valve formation.
Highly painful in nature, inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) consisting of Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis are caused by dysregulation of the immune system leading to intestinal inflammation and microbial changes. Numerous … Continue Reading Metabolite produced by gut microbiota from pomegranates reduces inflammatory bowel disease.
Although bones are hard ossified organs, they have a dense network of blood vessels inside them where bone marrow is located. as well as on their outer surface covered by … Continue Reading Discovery of previously unknown blood vessel system in bones.
The gut is colonized by diverse microorganisms forming a microbial community known as the gut microbiota. Research suggests the gut microbiota immunomodulatory effect influences pathologic conditions centered in the gut, … Continue Reading Antibiotic disruption of the gut microbiome dysregulates skeletal health.
There has been a conspicuous increase in life-threatening food allergies in societies adopting or hosting Western-based culture. One hypothesis to explain this rising morbidity in a highly specific demographic is … Continue Reading Gut microbes from healthy infants block milk allergy development in mice.