Learning a language or recognizing music is usually a breeze for children, however, this capacity dramatically declines with age. Now, a study from researchers at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital … Continue Reading Controlling a single brain chemical expands the window for learning language and music in an animal model.
The age-old feeling of hunger, driven by negative energy balance, elicits the craving and consumption of food, and whilst this survival response is in part mediated by neurons in the … Continue Reading Two new networks of neurons identified in appetite regulation.
Communication between the gut and brain is thought to control a cornucopia of systems within the body. The gut-brain information highway, also known as the gut-brain axis, is regulated by … Continue Reading Neuron-like cells provide nervous system with window into the gut.
Neurons are continuously exposed to signals generated by the extracellular environment and the senses to drive key biological tasks. This ability has been exploited to engineer interfaces with nanostructures to … Continue Reading Nano-prosthetics developed to repair neural circuitry.
In his famous experiment, Ivan Pavlov rang a bell each time he fed his dogs, which resulted in the animals drooling in anticipation every time they heard the bell, even … Continue Reading Study identifies the brain cells regulating the Pavlovian response.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder exhibiting far-reaching clinical manifestations, with recent research focusing on gut-brain interactions involving the gut microbiota. However, researchers understand little about the link between … Continue Reading Pre-clinical study suggests Parkinson’s could start in the gut.
Regulation and control of the body and its processes are overseen by electrochemical signals across synapses, the dynamic spaces between nerve cells. Now, two studies from researchers at UT Southwestern Medical … Continue Reading Protein once thought to be exclusive to neurons helps some cancers grow and spread.
Cell ablation is an important tool for selectively destroying one or multiple cells in a given organism to remove a disease such as cancer or to produce the desired response … Continue Reading Researchers successfully eliminate neurons outside the brain to trigger obesity.
Genetically-coded brain circuits can switch feeding and drinking behaviours on and off in mice.
Through millions of years of trained evolution, all living organisms adapt their behavior in response to infection, however, the mechanisms behind this are less understood. Now, a study led by … Continue Reading Neurons regulate reproduction in fruit flies during infection.
Welcome to The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016, the third-year in our successful series, where the most exciting discoveries and breakthroughs are decided by you, the global medical community. This … Continue Reading The Top Ten Healthinnovations of 2016.
Pain hypersensitivity can spread to unaffected body regions immediately surrounding the initial insult. Sometimes it can even spread to the opposite site of the body or to large body areas … Continue Reading Pain-initiating function of glial cells identified for the first time.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect around 1% of the world’s population and are characterized by a range of difficulties in social interaction and communication. There are many different genetic mutations … Continue Reading Researchers identify a new form of autism.
Despite the global medical community’s understanding of the significance of the prefrontal cortex in the consolidation of long-term memories, its role in the encoding of long-term memory remains elusive. Now, a … Continue Reading New study identifies region of brain responsible for conditioned fear memory.
Hypertension is a leading risk factor for dementia, however, the mechanisms underlying its damaging effects on the brain are poorly understood. Now, a study from researchers at Weill Cornell Medicine … Continue Reading Immune cells identified as the culprit linking hypertension and dementia.
The development of neural connectivity is essential for brain function, and disruption of this process is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Now, a study from researchers led by McMaster … Continue Reading Study identifies autism gene which regulates dendrite development to slow down brain communication.