Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease, characterised by demyelination and the onset of chronic, neurodegenerative damage of the central nervous system. Right now, its causes are unknown although various … Continue Reading Researchers identify a new gene involved in Multiple Sclerosis.
It is known that during disease, tau protein gets modified, changes its location in nerve cells and then aggregates. In healthy nerve cells, tau resides in a part of the … Continue Reading Previously unknown tau pathway leading to Alzheimer’s disease identified.
Brain map researchers release first of it’s kind data on the aging human brain and traumatic brain injury.
Dementia is a common illness with an incidence that is rising as the aged population increases. A multitude of neurodegenerative illnesses have an associated dementia, including corticobasal degeneration, Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, … Continue Reading Brain map researchers release first of it’s kind data on the aging human brain and traumatic brain injury.
With Parkinson’s disease clinicians have long noted that the presence of tremors, rather than balance and walking problems is the initial or dominant symptom and hypothesize this may even suggest … Continue Reading Human study identifies genetic variation for type and rate of physical decline Parkinson’s disease.
Brazil is in the midst of an unprecedented epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV), a flavivirus that is transmitted by mosquitoes and sexually, which was first detected in the country in … Continue Reading New research provides mechanism and evidence of how Zika virus causes microcephaly in newborns.
Proneural proteins of the class I/II basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) family are transcription factors that are highly conserved from invertebrates to humans. Class I bHLH proteins are expressed in a broad number … Continue Reading New role revealed for neurogenesis protein associated with schizophrenia.
Spinal muscular atrophy is a debilitating disease that causes weakness and wasting of the muscles. The disease ranges in severity with patients experiencing different symptoms, from the inability to sit … Continue Reading Molecular mechanism underlying neurodegeneration in spinal muscular atrophy identified.
Infection and inflammation during pregnancy have been associated with adverse outcomes, such as preterm birth, abortion, and postnatal cognitive disorders. Yet how microbial products circulating in the maternal bloodstream affect … Continue Reading Study shows maternal bacterial infections trigger abnormal neurogenesis in fetal brain.
It is known that Parkinson’s disease, the second most common neurodegenerative disease, has genetic causes in 15% of cases. It has been shown that premature aging of dopaminergic neurons in the … Continue Reading Study shows how defective gene prematurely ages neurons in Parkinson’s disease.
It is known that Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) gradually kills nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. It is one of the most prevalent neuromuscular diseases, resulting in more … Continue Reading Study shows microglia has a direct role in the development of Lou Gehrig’s disease.
All animals need to sleep for varying durations and in humans, sleep duration changes over their lifetime, gradually reducing from birth through to old age. The mammalian body appears to … Continue Reading Researchers identify neurogenetics responsible for sleep duration.
The human brain is home to many different types of neurons with their own genetic signature to define their function. These neurons are derived from progenitor cells, which are specialized … Continue Reading The ‘neuronal big bang’ is visualised for the first time.
It is known that glucose is an essential fuel for brain energy metabolism as well as oxygen. Functional activation of neurons is normally associated with increases in the local cerebral … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows genetics and environment affect different regions of brain.
In the brain, patterns of neural activity are perfectly balanced. The interplay between activating and inhibitory neurotransmitters ensures that the level of activity stays within the physiological range. Neuronal degeneration … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map neuroprotective pathway after epileptic seizure.
Diffuse gliomas represent 80% of all malignant brain tumours. Adult diffuse gliomas are classified and graded according to histological criteria. However, although histopathology classification is well established it suffers from unstandardized, … Continue Reading Large-scale study identifies new epigenetic subtypes of brain cancer.
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of highly inheritable behavioural disorders. Patients with ASD have mild to severe communication difficulties, repetitive behaviour and social challenges. Such disorders significantly challenge … Continue Reading Study identifies neurogenetics that link abnormal neurodevelopment to ASD.