A Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) marries the brain to Artificial Intelligence (AI), using signals recorded from the brain to enable communication or to control a neuroprosthesis. This technology is now being … Continue Reading Researchers translate brain signals directly into speech.
According to Marketdata LLC, the U.S. weight-loss market was estimated to be worth an incredible $68.2 billion in 2017 alone. However, despite the amount of money spent on weight-loss, nearly … Continue Reading Weight-loss success linked to regions of the brain regulating self-control.
Welcome to the Top 10 Healthinnovations of 2018, the fifth-year in this highly popular series. This is where the most exciting discoveries and breakthroughs for the year are decided by … Continue Reading The Top 10 Healthinnovations of 2018.
Interestingly, the current definition of free will is described as a combination of two cognitive processes, namely the desire to act, also known as volition, and a sense of responsibility … Continue Reading Origins of free will mapped in the human brain.
The neurons of the human brain are widely assumed to be encoded within a constant genome, with set genetic variant products and functions for neuronal networks. Somatic gene recombination, known … Continue Reading DNA recombination identified in brain cells, linked to Alzheimer’s.
The world’s greatest supercomputer, also known as the human brain is composed of neurons with tail-like extensions known as axons. Axons are wrapped in layers of myelin, serving as insulation … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to regulate signal speeds of neurons.
Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system (CNS) known to be involved in many roles in the brain including the composition of the blood-brain barrier, … Continue Reading Astrocytes found to have a direct role in brain plasticity.
Olfactory neurons are cells in the nasal cavity with the ability to regenerate, responsible for perceiving odors and passing the information along to the brain. They project axons to the … Continue Reading Genetically-engineered olfactory cells successfully bypass the BBB to kill brain cancer tumors.
Mental illness, particularly bipolar disorder and depression, can be difficult to diagnose as many conditions have similar symptoms. These two illnesses are virtually identical except individuals with bipolar disorder also … Continue Reading Neuroimaging distinguishes between bipolar disorder and depression in human study.
Glial cells are immune cells found in the brain not directly involved in synaptic interactions or electrical signaling, although their supportive functions are known to play a crucial role in … Continue Reading Study identifies new key role for astrocytes in memory and learning.
The ear is the sensory organ dedicated to hearing and balance in mammals and is usually described as having three parts, namely, the outer ear, middle ear, and the inner … Continue Reading Researchers identify three previously unknown neuronal types in the inner ear.
Olfactory receptors (ORs) are expressed in the olfactory epithelium of the nose to detect common odorants in the environment, they have also been mapped outside of the olfactory system in … Continue Reading Researchers begin big push in ‘crucial’ research of extranasal olfactory receptors.
The enteric nervous system (ENS) is known as the second brain, or the brain in the gut, due to the fact it can operate independently of the central nervous system … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown neuronal activity in the gut.
Manual body regulation is a relatively new theory that explores controlling the body, and its related processes via neurons, neuronal colonies, and neuron-like cells supplanted throughout our systems manually. Olfactory … Continue Reading New olfactory receptor identified in the human bladder and bladder cancer.
Human augmentation is the attempt to temporarily or permanently enhance the human body through natural or artificial means. More commonly cybernetics and/or enabling human-computer interfaces are used to improve the … Continue Reading Cat-like ‘hearing’ for the augmented human using the smallest scale yet.
Acting as natural computers, our brains contain trillions of cells to store memory and control the body’s functions and emotions. Around one in ten of the countless cells in the … Continue Reading Microglia filmed shaping synapses for the first time.