Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes high blood sugar levels that are potentially fatal if left unmanaged. Injection of insulin is the primary treatment against this disease. Unfortunately a … Continue Reading New insulin pill successful in animal studies.
With type 1 diabetes too much glucose and fat circulating in the blood help make cardiovascular disease the leading cause of death and disability in people with the disease. While … Continue Reading New pathway and potential treatment identified for unhealthy levels of fat in type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning that the underlying problem is with the immune system. It is still unclear as to why the body’s immune system attacks and … Continue Reading Salmonella-based oral vaccine for T1 diabetes successful in animal model.
The body has an army of millions of immune cells. These cells contain receptors generated through random genetic rearrangements, a clever strategy to keep them ready to fight unfamiliar viruses … Continue Reading Previously unknown immune cell identified, with implications for T1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is the autoimmune form of diabetes, in which insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed by immune cells, especially those known as T cells. Insulin is … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown class of antigen present in T1 diabetes.
Premature birth is the birth of a baby at less than 37 weeks gestational age. Risk factors include diabetes, high blood pressure, being pregnant with more than one baby, being … Continue Reading Researchers identify a molecule which prevents preterm birth/labour.
Sigma receptors, particularly the sigma-1 receptor subtype, which are expressed in both neurons and glia of multiple regions within the central nervous system, are a unique class of intracellular proteins … Continue Reading Neuroprotective receptor found to have important role in support cells for the retina.
A healthy motor neuron needs to transport its damaged components from the nerve-muscle connection all the way back to the cell body in the spinal cord. If not, the defective … Continue Reading Researchers identify the role mitochondria plays in familial ALS.
To combat pathogens, the immune system has developed various mechanisms to detect, defend against and even destroy micro-organisms that are harmful to the body. This includes antimicrobial peptides and natural … Continue Reading International team identifies bacteria which protect against type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which primarily surfaces in childhood, where the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas, leaving children facing a lifetime of daily … Continue Reading Lower levels of four proteins crucial for immune response found in T1 diabetes patients.
Practically everyone gets fatter as they get older, however, according to a new study from researchers at Duke University some people can blame their genes for the extra padding. The … Continue Reading Researchers identify gene responsible for obesity and diabetes in old age.
Cancer’s ability to grow unchecked is often attributed to cancer stem cells, a small fraction of cancer cells that have the capacity to grow and multiply indefinitely. How cancer stem … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the epigenetic tags of glioblastoma.
Each year about one in every nine infants in the United States is born preterm (before 37 weeks), according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Premature birth can … Continue Reading Researchers identify molecular mechanisms within fetal lungs responsible for initiating labour.
Involuntary childlessness is common, and in half of all cases attributable to infertility in the man. Although male infertility has many possible causes, it often remains unexplained. Now, a new … Continue Reading Researchers identify new cause of male infertility in human studies.
A team of researchers from Brigham Young University have pinpointed a gene that may help solve a riddle at the root of diabetes, the high-blood-sugar disease affecting 400 million people … Continue Reading Researchers identify gene responsible for reactivating insulin-producing beta cells.
Tuberculosis is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and it affects over 12 million people globally. When the bacterium infects a person, the body’s immune response is critical to how … Continue Reading Researchers identify how tuberculosis uses precision medicine to trick the immune system.