The brain is the key regulator of appetite, body weight, and metabolism, controlling the passage of every nutrient that enters and exits the body. Specifically, there is a small group … Continue Reading Study finds small colony of neurons modulate amount of insulin the pancreas produces.
Several healthinnovations or disruptive technologies can be identified that might, at some point in the future, displace established laboratory medicine technologies and practices. One of these highly desirable technologies is … Continue Reading Researchers report the invention of glucose-sensing contact lens.
It is known that insulin resistance is present long before the onset of type 2 diabetes and results not only from genetics and lifestyle factors but likely also from environmental … Continue Reading Large-scale study shows that air pollution raises type 2 diabetes risk.
Generally, researchers divide the human immune system into two parts. One part, called the innate immune system, allows for immediate and direct recognition of invading bacteria. It prompts immune cells … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown mechanism of the immune system.
Diabetes is a chronic condition that causes high blood sugar levels that are potentially fatal if left unmanaged. Injection of insulin is the primary treatment against this disease. Unfortunately a … Continue Reading New insulin pill successful in animal studies.
About 8% of Americans have type 2 diabetes, and another 25% of the population is at risk because of obesity. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that represents an … Continue Reading Study identifies new pathway in insulin resistance.
The rapid rise in obesity and associated spread of type 2 diabetes represent an enormous challenge for society, with no efficient and safe medicines to prevent or stop this development … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to control sugar in the brain, as well as neurons.
It is known that genetics plays a role in obesity, with genes directly causing obesity in disorders such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome. However, genes and behaviour may both … Continue Reading Human study shows ‘aggressive drunk’ gene may protect carriers from obesity and associated risks.
The pandemic of physical inactivity is associated with a range of chronic diseases and early deaths. Despite the well documented disease burden, the economic burden of physical inactivity remains unquantified … Continue Reading Physical inactivity cost the world $67 billion in 2013 says first ever estimate.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
With the growing prevalence of childhood obesity, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents is increasing at an alarming rate. Type 2 diabetes may become the most … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows gray matter changes in brains of teenagers with type 2 diabetes.
Obesity has become a major health threat, affecting more than half a billion people worldwide in 2014. In particular, obesity increases the risk for insulin resistance, hypertension, coronary heart disease … Continue Reading Epigenetic modification which raises obesity risk and predicts fatty liver identified.
The autonomic nervous system, made up of sympathetic and parasympathetic branches, is known to regulate blood glucose levels by directly controlling insulin secretion by the pancreas. Insulin secretion and blood … Continue Reading Hormone inhibits neuronal connections between the brain and pancreas in neurodevelopment.
It is known that the loss or dysfunction of islet β cells in the pancreas results in an imbalance in blood glucose homeostasis, leading to the development of type 2 … Continue Reading Researchers identify new links between nicotine and type 2 diabetes.
Brown adipose tissue, brown fat, is a key tissue that controls the energy balance of whole body. Excessive energy is dissipated in the form of heat by brown adipocytes specialized … Continue Reading Study identifies pathway in brown fat responsible for better metabolism.
A large body of data gathered over the last decades has identified the neuronal pathways which link the central nervous system with the autonomic innervation of the endocrine pancreas. These … Continue Reading Study shows brain cell mitochondria controls blood-sugar levels after a meal.