In Kennedy’s disease, the muscle cells and motor neurons, which are also linked to muscle function, are damaged as a result of the accumulation of androgen receptor fibers, a process … Continue Reading Identification of a neuroprotector linked to a degenerative neuromuscular disease.
Over 47.5 million people worldwide have Alzheimer’s disease or some other type of dementia, according to the World Health Organization. Despite decades of research, the only medications currently available treat … Continue Reading Fat droplets identified in brains of Alzheimer’s patients for the first time.
In human cells, shortened telomeres, the protective caps at the ends of chromosomes, are both a sign of aging and contribute to it. The effects of chronic diseases such as … Continue Reading Researchers use dietary supplement in atherosclerotic mice to lengthen telomeres.
The mammalian target of rapamycin, a drug originally developed to prevent immunosuppression, is mTOR. mTOR is one of the most critical proteins in the control of cell proliferation, including cancer. … Continue Reading Study identifies mTOR pathway that controls cancer proliferation via nutrients.
A team from the University of South Carolina have been studying one of the fundamental biomolecules contributing to human addiction, the mu-opioid receptor. It’s a protein in the human body … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the neurogenetics of susceptibility in addiction.
Researchers have solved century-old mystery of why lone kidneys grow larger when the one other is lost.
Researchers from Georgia Regents University, Vanderbilt University, Texas A&M University, and Northwestern University have found an explanation for the century-old observation that if a person ends up with just one kidney, … Continue Reading Researchers have solved century-old mystery of why lone kidneys grow larger when the one other is lost.
Nearly 70,000 people worldwide are living with cystic fibrosis, a life-threatening genetic disease. There currently is no cure for the condition, however, researchers from the University of Missouri have identified … Continue Reading Previously unseen mechanism and component in protein that causes cystic fibrosis identified.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the main component of human genetic material. It is formed by combining four parts known as Adenine (A), Cytosine (C), Guanine (G) and Thymine (T) respectively. … Continue Reading Researchers state they have discovered the sixth DNA base in eukaryotes.
In a new study from Saint Louis University, researchers discovered that drugs targeting the A3 adenosine receptor can turn off pain signals in the spinal cord to provide relief from … Continue Reading Researchers use A3 adenosine receptors to activate ‘off signals’ for chronic pain.
While recent reports question whether fish oil supplements support heart health, UC Irvine scientists have found that the fatty acids they contain are vitally important to the developing brain. In … Continue Reading Study shows neurodevelopment suffers from lack of fish oil fatty acids, importance of precursors.
Opening the door to potential treatments for the deadly Ebola virus, scientists have found that a protein made by the virus plays a role similar to that of a coat-check … Continue Reading New strategy attacks the ebola virus at a RNA level and stops viral replication.
The micro RNA miR-22 has long been known for its ability to suppress cancer. However, questions remain about how it achieves this feat. For example, which molecules are regulating miR-22, … Continue Reading Researchers being to map the epigenetic pathway of miR-22 cancer suppression.
More than 60 percent of the world’s population is infected with a type of herpes virus called human cytomegalovirus. The virus replicates by commandeering the host cell’s metabolism but the … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown mechanism of infection by herpes cytomegalovirus.
The signal molecule, retinoic acid, is a product of vitamin A which helps to instruct how different types of tissue are to be formed in the growing embryo. For the … Continue Reading Previously unknown effect of vitamin A on embryonic development identified.
Stating that sleep is an essential biological process seems as obvious as saying that the sun rises every morning. Yet, researchers’ understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of … Continue Reading Lipidomics study identifies common biomarkers of sleep debt in humans and rats.
Researchers at Columbia University have made a significant step toward visualizing complex protein metabolism in living systems with high resolution and minimum disturbance, a longstanding goal in the scientific community. … Continue Reading New neuroimaging technique maps protein synthesis in living tissues, animals.