Taste buds in the mouth are crucial for our survival, helping us to decide whether a certain food can be eaten or should be avoided. These mini warning systems contain … Continue Reading A new type of taste bud has been discovered.
The growing worldwide epidemic of respiratory diseases can be attributed to simple everyday factors such as tobacco smoke, air pollution, occupational chemicals, or dust. These diseases involve the infection or … Continue Reading How airway cells work together in regeneration and aging.
The immune system connects the gut microbiome to aging. Thoughts health innovators?
Telomeres are our own personal inbuilt clock found at the end of chromosomes dictating how and when we age, with these protective caps ensuring no damage comes to the DNA … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown telomere-specific protein.
Greying hair, crow’s feet, an injury that’s taking longer to heal now one is older, faced with the unmistakable signs of aging, most people have had a least one fantasy … Continue Reading Epigenetic reprogramming used to reverse signs of aging in animal model.
It is known that rigidity and loss of muscle function associated with Parkinson’s is linked to a depletion of dopamine in the part of the brain that controls movement. However, … Continue Reading Gene mutation identified for early onset of Parkinson’s disease in Caucasians.
A major hallmark of aging, and a key driver for the onset of age-related pathophysiologies across multiple species, including primates, is the disruption of cellular redox homeostatic mechanisms that protect … Continue Reading Boosting levels of known antioxidant may help resist age-related decline.
Living organisms experience various stresses during their lifespans. These stresses include radiation, ultraviolet rays, and chemical substances which directly damage DNA and cause cancer. Organisms are able to speedily repair … Continue Reading Study identifies genes which control cellular senescence.
One infant in every 1000 is diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss, making it an extremely common hereditary disease. It is also estimated that 25-40% of over-65s suffer from acquired sensorineural … Continue Reading Large-scale study identifies the causative gene for sensorineural hearing.
It is known that neurons in the central nervous system of higher vertebrates are formed during embryonic development and that neurogenesis does not occur postnatally, except in the hippocampus. Buried … Continue Reading Researchers sucessfully make memories stronger and more precise during aging in mice.
The CDC estimates that more than 1.3 million Americans visit an emergency department each year because of a TBI-related injury. The late effects of TBI are of great interest, however, … Continue Reading Largest ever study identifies link between TBI and Parkinson’s, but not Alzheimer’s.
It is known that skeletal muscle regeneration is impaired in age-related diseases such as sarcopenia, which is marked by reduced muscle regenerative capacity with aging, due in part to a … Continue Reading Study identifies gene responsible for regeneration of injured muscle by adult stem cells.
Stem cells are non-specialized cells found in different organs, which have the capacity to generate specialized cells in the body. In the adult brain, neural stem cells give rise to … Continue Reading Study shows cerebrospinal fluid signals control the behaviour of stem cells in the brain.
One of the processes associated with aging is progressive shortening of telomeres, DNA-protecting structures at the ends of chromosomes, like the plastic tips on shoelaces. Each time a cell divides, … Continue Reading Male hormone reverses cell aging, increases telomere length, in clinical trial.
Telomeres are the ends of chromosomes, which package genetic information to pass from parents to children. As the cell divides, these endcaps help keep the genetic information stable and prevent … Continue Reading New technique detects telomere length for research into cancer and aging.
NMDA glutamate receptors function as receptors which bond with glutamates, and are known to be deeply involved in memory and learning. In order for memories to be created inside the … Continue Reading Study identifies microtubule protein crucial for synaptic plasticity and memory.