Easily accessible and highly habit-forming, alcohol is now one of the world’s most addictive substances, with roughly two billion individuals worldwide consuming it and three million associated with its misuse … Continue Reading Researchers map key neural circuit regulating alcohol consumption.
Alcoholism is a chronic relapsing disorder associated with compulsive drinking, loss of control over intake, and emergence of a negative emotional state during abstinence from the drug. Special emphasis has … Continue Reading Researchers target neurons involved in compulsive drinking to reverse alcohol dependence in rats.
More than one-quarter of the US population qualify as excessive alcohol consumers. Studies show that alcohol use impacts several lung diseases, with heavy consumption associated with poor clinical outcomes. Now, … Continue Reading Large-scale study shows that excessive alcohol consumption impacts breathing.
In alcoholism and addictive drugs repeated exposure triggers glutamatergic and GABAergic plasticity in many neuronal populations. The dorsomedial striatum (DMS), a brain region critically involved in addiction, contains medium spiny … Continue Reading Researchers identify and successfully activate neurons that tell the brain to stop drinking.
For several decades, addiction has come to be viewed as a disorder of the dopamine neurotransmitter system; however, this view has not led to new treatments. Numerous studies suggest that … Continue Reading Researchers identify specific neuron-type responsible for alcoholism.
Repeated alcohol exposure during adolescence results in long-lasting changes in the region of the brain that controls learning and memory, according to a research team at Duke Medicine that used … Continue Reading Researchers find that repeated alcohol exposure during adolescence results in lasting impairments.