Cancer is a genetic disease, caused by specific changes to the genes controlling the way cells function, particularly how they grow and divide. Genes are functional units of heredity made … Continue Reading Ancient DNA could identify and kill cancer.
Type 1 diabetes is the autoimmune form of diabetes, in which insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed by immune cells, especially those known as T cells. Insulin is … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown class of antigen present in T1 diabetes.
Sickle cell disease is inherited. It primarily affects people of African descent, including about one in every 500 African Americans born in the U.S. The defect causes the oxygen-carrying red … Continue Reading Researchers validate non-chemotherapy based cure for sickle cell in adults.
First comprehensive study of genetic risks for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in African-Americans performed.
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic autoimmune diseases that affect as many as 1.6 million Americans. Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) have immune systems that attack their own … Continue Reading First comprehensive study of genetic risks for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in African-Americans performed.
MERS is caused by an emerging human coronavirus, which is distinct from the SARS coronavirus. Since its identification in 2012, MERS has been linked to over 1,300 infections and close … Continue Reading New synthetic-DNA vaccine protects against MERS in simian model.
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which primarily surfaces in childhood, where the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas, leaving children facing a lifetime of daily … Continue Reading Lower levels of four proteins crucial for immune response found in T1 diabetes patients.
Approximately 28 million Americans live with Type 2 diabetes, a condition characterized by high blood sugar levels. The immune system plays a part in type 2 diabetes. Researchers have linked … Continue Reading Decades old mystery solved as researchers map the effect of T2 diabetes on the lymphatic vessels.
Survival rates for patients with lung cancer increase dramatically the earlier the disease is diagnosed, underscoring the need for effective biomarkers that can be used for detection. Now, scientists at … Continue Reading Researchers discover ‘highly effective’ new biomarker for lung cancer in human trials.
New technology developed by Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and Brigham and Women’s Hospital researchers makes it possible to test for current and past infections with any known human virus by … Continue Reading New bacteriophage-based assay gives a person’s whole viral infection history in a drop of blood.
Study identifies transporter proteins responsible for human’s placenta protective ability during pregnancy.
An important function of the human placenta is to protect the fetus from detrimental substances in maternal blood, such as glucocorticoids or toxins. Placental membrane-bound transporter proteins, known as multidrug … Continue Reading Study identifies transporter proteins responsible for human’s placenta protective ability during pregnancy.
New ‘can-opener’ molecule forces HIV virus open to expose vulnerable regions for antibodies to kill.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is often likened to a hermetically sealed tin can no one has yet been able to break open. Now, researchers at the University of Montreal … Continue Reading New ‘can-opener’ molecule forces HIV virus open to expose vulnerable regions for antibodies to kill.
RNA is both the bridge between DNA and the production of proteins known to carry out the functions of life, guiding the amount and type of protein mades. As messenger … Continue Reading The first ever study to map splicing changes during T cell development has been published.
In a study that included approximately 95,000 children with older siblings it has been shown that receipt of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine was not associated with an increased risk of … Continue Reading Large-scale study finds no link between MMR vaccine and autism, even among children at higher risk.
Researchers from the Garvan Institute of Medical Research have discovered a new population of ‘memory’ immune cells, throwing light on what the body does when it sees a microbe for the … Continue Reading Researchers discover a new type of ‘memory’ immune cell.
Antibodies from dromedary camels protected uninfected mice from Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and helped infected mice expunge the disease, according to an opensource study in the Journal of Virology. … Continue Reading Using camel antibodies to protect humans from MERS, POC study successful.
In the ongoing Ebola outbreak in West Africa, whose death toll is approaching 10,000, little information has been available about how the human immune response unfolds after infection. Now, researchers … Continue Reading First look at hospitalized Ebola survivors’ immune cells finds no immunosuppression.