Asthma, accompanied by lung inflammation, bronchoconstriction, and airway hyper-responsiveness, is a significant public health burden. Currently, asthma treatments such as anticholinergics target the hypersensitive nerves connecting the brain to parasympathetic … Continue Reading Researchers identify neuronal colonies responsible for ‘itchiness’ in the throats of mice.
There are two classifications of cells in the human body, namely, germ cells that are used to make sperm and eggs, and somatic cells making up every other cell in … Continue Reading New lung cell type identified.
Abnormalities in human airway smooth muscle cell function and structure play critical roles in chronic inflammatory airway diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cystic fibrosis. One key … Continue Reading Olfactory receptors discovered in human bronchi.
Allergies are characterized by inappropriate inflammatory responses to benign environmental antigens. Primary clinical approaches to allergic disease consist of symptom control or administration of soluble antigens to skew the immune response … Continue Reading Novel nanoparticle acts like Trojan horse to halt asthma in animal model.
Asthma rates have increased dramatically since the 1950s and now affect up to 20 per cent of children in western countries. In children ages 5-14 years, the rate of death … Continue Reading Four gut bacteria shown to decrease asthma risk in infants, validate probiotic treatment.
Current asthma medications, which work by suppressing inflammatory signaling by immune cells or by dilating the airways, can stop working over time. Now, a new study from Boston Children’s Hospital, … Continue Reading Study successfully targets nerve endings to curb allergic asthma in animal model.
A team led by UC San Francisco has discovered why mucus in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis (CF) is thick, sticky and difficult to cough up, leaving these … Continue Reading Researchers identify the mechanism cystic fibrosis uses to thicken mucus in the lungs.
Researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin (MCW) have linked a specific protein to the development of post-viral infection asthma, which is the first step in generating a novel type … Continue Reading Researchers identify protein responsible for post-viral asthma in young children.
Scientists from the CNRS, INSERM and Université de Limoges have demonstrated that the production of type E immunoglobulins (IgE)2 by B lymphocytes induces a loss in their mobility and the … Continue Reading Researchers map programmed cell death in immune cells to prevent allergy.
Asthma may be more harmful than was previously thought, according to UCLA researchers who found that genetic damage is present in circulating, or peripheral, blood. Doctors previously thought that the … Continue Reading Genetic damage caused by asthma shows up in circulating blood stream.
A new study from Karolinska Institutet presents a previously unknown immunological mechanism that protects humans against bacterial infections in the lungs. The study shows that healthy lungs contain Interleukin-26, a … Continue Reading Scientists discover new bacterial defence mechanism in the lungs.
In the first broad-scale estimate of air pollution removal by trees nationwide, U.S. Forest Service scientists and collaborators calculated that trees are saving more than 850 human lives a year … Continue Reading First broadscale study finds trees saving lives, reducing respiratory problems.