A star-shaped brain cell called an astrocyte appears to help keep blood pressure and blood flow inside the brain on a healthy, even keel, a new study from researchers at … Continue Reading Study shows astrocytes maintain blood pressure and blood flow in the brain.
The mission of neural stem cells located in the hippocampus, one of the main regions of the brain, is to generate new neurons during the adult life of mammals, including … Continue Reading Researchers validate microglia role in reducing neurogenesis due to epileptic seizures.
Researchers identify how the blood-brain barrier is maintained to control ‘tight junction’ function.
It has long been known that the brain is protected from alterations elsewhere in the body by a highly regulated gateway known as the blood-brain barrier, which allows only selected … Continue Reading Researchers identify how the blood-brain barrier is maintained to control ‘tight junction’ function.
An experimental drug that attacks brain tumour tissue by crippling the cells’ energy source called the mitochondria has passed early tests in animal models and human tissue cultures, state researchers … Continue Reading Selective mitochondrial chemotherapy, decimates brain tumours and headed for human trials.
Epilepsy is a very prevalent neurological disorder. Approximately one-third of patients are resistant to currently available therapies. A team of researchers from the University of Bonn has discovered a new … Continue Reading Astrocytic ‘uncoupling’ identified and reversed in temporal lobe epilepsy.
Researchers from the University of Wisconsin have developed a unique model for learning more about the role of human astrocytes. The findings may lay a foundation for the treatment of … Continue Reading Researchers grow human astrocytes in situ for the first time for potential ALS cure.
A new study from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers has found, for the first time, evidence of neuroinflammation in key regions of the brains of patients with chronic pain. By … Continue Reading Neuroimaging study finds first evidence of neuroinflammation in brains of chronic pain patients.
The medical community knows that a tiny group of cells in the brain stem tells humans when to breathe. These cells can sense the buildup of carbon dioxide in the … Continue Reading Tiny patient prompts advance in neurogenetics.
A previously unknown mechanism through which the brain produces new nerve cells after a stroke has been discovered at Lund University and Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. The findings have been … Continue Reading Astrocytic mechanism that repairs brain after stroke discovered.
When a person is expecting something, like the meal they’ve ordered at a restaurant, or when or when something captures their interest, unique electrical rhythms sweep through your brain. These … Continue Reading Memory relies on astrocytes, the brain’s lesser known cells.
Throughout a person’s life, their brains adapt to what they learn and memorise. The brain is indeed made up of complex networks of neurons and synapses that are constantly re-configured. … Continue Reading How the brain stabilizes its connections in order to learn better.
Discovery of new drug targets for memory impairment in Alzheimer’s Disease. A study from KIST has revealed the novel mechanism of how Alzheimer’s patients might lose their memory. The researchers also propose new therapeutic targets, which include GABA production and release mechanisms in reactive astrocytes for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Furthermore, we provide a stepping stone for the development of MAO-B inhibitors with long lasting efficacy.
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