The world’s greatest supercomputer, also known as the human brain is composed of neurons with tail-like extensions known as axons. Axons are wrapped in layers of myelin, serving as insulation … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to regulate signal speeds of neurons.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common dementia type, with no treatment to slow down the progression of this dehumanizing disease currently available. The mechanisms of AD are poorly understood … Continue Reading Astrocytes linked to Alzheimer’s disease for the first time.
During brain development, the formation of neuronal synapses at the right time, the right place, and the right strength are crucial to the ongoing function of the brain throughout life. … Continue Reading Astrocytes regulate the formation of synapses in neurodevelopment.
Neurons in an area of the brain known as the hypothalamus control how much an animal eats, however, it is not clear what role the brain’s immune cells, known as … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to regulate how much we eat.
A significant milestone in the evolution of the mammalian brain is the emergence of the corpus callosum, which is exclusively present in placental mammals. This commissure forms the largest axon … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows that astrocytes are responsible for joining the 2 halves of the brain together.
The rapid rise in obesity and associated spread of type 2 diabetes represent an enormous challenge for society, with no efficient and safe medicines to prevent or stop this development … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to control sugar in the brain, as well as neurons.
The control of breathing is essential for life. Without an adequate response to increased carbon dioxide levels, people can suffer from breathing disturbances, sickness, and panic; in worst-case scenarios, it … Continue Reading Novel brainstem model show how the brain controls breathing.