Demyelinating diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and leukodystrophy, are characterized by damage to the protective myelin sheath that surrounds the axons of neurons. This demyelination can be caused by an … Continue Reading Cell therapy successfully promotes axon remyelination in an animal model.
When skin cells responsible for pigmentation are exposed to estrogen or progesterone, the cells respond by adjusting their melanin production, resulting in either skin darkening or lightening. Although pregnant women … Continue Reading Study identifies previously unknown pathways that control skin tanning and lightening.
In a cancerous breast, researchers have seen the problems with the various components of breast tissue and could not fully explain why they happened. The tissue, called the stroma, includes … Continue Reading Human study identifies new gene as cause and early indicator of breast cancer.
It is known that the loss or dysfunction of islet β cells in the pancreas results in an imbalance in blood glucose homeostasis, leading to the development of type 2 … Continue Reading Researchers identify new links between nicotine and type 2 diabetes.
Biomimicry or biomimetics is an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature’s time-tested patterns and strategies. The goal is to create products and processes … Continue Reading New biomimetic nanoparticle successfully treats eye cancer in animal model.
Neuroplasticity, or brain plasticity, is an umbrella term that describes lasting change to the brain throughout life. One of the fundamental principles of how neuroplasticity functions is linked to the … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown subtype of neuron in the visual cortex.
Cancer is recognized globally as one of the most costly and deadly health problems, with lung cancer being the leading cause of cancer related deaths. Lung cancer is classified into … Continue Reading Biomarker for most common form of lung cancer in it’s early stages identified.
Mammalian skeletal muscles can regenerate following injury and this response is mediated by a specific type of stem cell, the satellite cell. Significant evidence suggests that while stem cells represent … Continue Reading Previously unknown mechanism in skeletal muscle regeneration identified.
Irreversible degeneration of the cardiac conduction system is a common disease with high rates of mortality. While electronic pacemakers provide effective treatment, alternative approaches are needed with long-term implanted hardware … Continue Reading Extensive lit review performed on harnessing stem cells to generate biological pacemakers.
In human blood formation, everything begins with the stem cell, which is the executive decision-maker quickly driving the process that replenishes blood at a daily rate that exceeds 300 billion … Continue Reading Researchers redefine how blood is made.
Newborn neurons generated from neural progenitor cells in a brain region called the hippocampus play an important role in learning and memory in adults. However, the molecular mechanisms that control … Continue Reading Researchers map epigenetic pathway of neurogenesis in the hippocampus.
An international consortium from the TU Dresden and the Helmholtz Zentrum München, together with researchers from Vienna, Bristol and Denver (USA) have successfully completed the first step in development of … Continue Reading Researchers complete the first human trials for insulin vaccine to prevent T1 diabetes.
A research group from the Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden (CRTD) demonstrated for the first time the in vitro growth of a piece of spinal cord in three … Continue Reading Spatially, anatomically correct spinal cord grown in the lab for the first time.
Researchers at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles have shown that a select team of immune-system cells from patients with leukemia can be multiplied in the lab, creating an army of natural … Continue Reading Natural (born) killer cells battle pediatric leukemia.