Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) is a family of inherited disorders of the peripheral nervous system, affecting approximately one in 2,500 Americans. Its most common iteration, CMT1, comes in many forms, most … Continue Reading Researchers identify previously unknown genetic cause of inherited neuropathy.
Nervous system injuries affect over 90,000 people every year, with spinal cord injuries alone estimated to affect 10,000 people each year. As a result of this high incidence of neurological … Continue Reading Researchers successfully control mitochondria to regenerate damaged neurons.
Damage to axons in the central nervous system (CNS) typically results in permanent damage and severed axons in the adult mammalian CNS do not spontaneously regenerate to restore lost functions. … Continue Reading Researchers regenerate damaged nerves via the eye using optogenetics.
It is known that the regenerative capacity of the injured central nervous system (CNS) in adult mammals is severely limited, yet axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) regrow, albeit … Continue Reading Gene pathway responsible for peripheral nervous system regeneration identified.
During embryonic development, billions of neurons nimbly reposition themselves within the brain and spinal cord, and connect branches to form the neural circuits that ultimately control our movements, perception, and … Continue Reading Previously unknown molecule critical for neurodevelopment identified.
Every time a person makes a memory, somewhere in their brain a tiny filament reaches out from one neuron and forms an electrochemical connection to a neighbouring neuron. A team … Continue Reading Mapping the neuroanatomy of a memory.
A new study by Brown University neuroscientists details how the neocortex selectively samples from the flow of sensory information that might otherwise flood it. The team state that the usual … Continue Reading Researchers begin to map the corticothalamic pathway in selective neuroplasticity.
Researchers identify how the blood-brain barrier is maintained to control ‘tight junction’ function.
It has long been known that the brain is protected from alterations elsewhere in the body by a highly regulated gateway known as the blood-brain barrier, which allows only selected … Continue Reading Researchers identify how the blood-brain barrier is maintained to control ‘tight junction’ function.
The thickness of cortical brain tissue progressively reduces as individuals develop psychosis, according to researchers of a large, multi-site study of young adults at clinical high risk. Onset of psychosis … Continue Reading Large-scale neuroimaging study links gray matter loss to psychosis development.
Autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability often occur together and may even share similar genetic causes. Researchers reporting in Cell Reports have now linked mutations in a particular gene to … Continue Reading Mutated gene linked to both autism and intellectual disability.