Stem cells contained within the human body can differentiate into many different types of cells, in some cases regenerating or repairing tissue. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), commonly known as blood … Continue Reading A newly discovered memory in our bones: Blood stem cells boost immunity by keeping a record of previous infections.
For the greatest chance of survival, cancer screening needs to detect the disease before symptoms appear. Current cancer detection involves blood tests, urine tests, DNA tests, and/or medical imaging, however, … Continue Reading DNA computer can detect cancer on a single-cell basis.
Monitoring the vital signs of a patient is critical to managing their care, however, current approaches are limited in terms of sensing capabilities and sampling rates. The measurement process can … Continue Reading New non-invasive ‘tag’ system measures vital signs with radio waves.
Under a microscope, it can be difficult to tell the difference between any two neurons, the cells in our brain responsible for storing and processing information. The mammalian brain contains … Continue Reading New technique identifies previously unknown human neurons.
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder as well as the leading cause of senile dementia worldwide, with no effective treatment and limited functionality for early diagnosis. Now, a … Continue Reading Noninvasive eye scan can detect key signs of Alzheimer’s Disease in humans.
Greying hair, crow’s feet, an injury that’s taking longer to heal now one is older, faced with the unmistakable signs of aging, most people have had a least one fantasy … Continue Reading Epigenetic reprogramming used to reverse signs of aging in animal model.
Physical forces like blood pressure and the shear stress of flowing blood are important parameters for the tension of blood vessels. Researchers have been looking for a measurement sensor for … Continue Reading Natural biosensor for blood flow discovered in blood vessels.
Stem cell treatments for neurodegenerative diseases are expected to reach clinical trials soon. One major task en route to the clinic is to generate standardized good manufacturing practice (GMP)-grade human-pluripotent … Continue Reading Breakthrough in the production of dopamine neurons for Parkinson’s disease.
Air pollution is known to contribute to cardiovascular disease and related deaths. In 2004, the American Heart Association released a scientific statement, updated in 2010, warning of the risk and … Continue Reading Study links air pollution to blood vessel damage among young, healthy adults.
Crohn’s disease, a common inflammatory disorder of the intestinal tract, can have devastating consequences for a patient’s quality of life. Although people with the disease are typically treated with powerful … Continue Reading Researchers identify 2 distinct genetic subtypes in Crohn’s disease patients.
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide and represent a substantial economic burden on public health care systems. Now, a study from researchers at Uppsala University shows that … Continue Reading Large-scale study shows that memory, epigenetics of a heart attack are stored in person’s genes.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been used to evaluate obstetrical, placental, and fetal abnormalities in pregnant patients for more than 30 years. MRI is recognized as a beneficial diagnostic tool … Continue Reading Study shows that MRIs in first trimester of pregnancy not associated with increased risk to fetus.
It is known that insulin resistance is present long before the onset of type 2 diabetes and results not only from genetics and lifestyle factors but likely also from environmental … Continue Reading Large-scale study shows that air pollution raises type 2 diabetes risk.
Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that is closely related to Dengue, West Nile, and yellow fever viruses. Zika virus causes mild disease in most adults and can cause brain … Continue Reading Evidence of Zika virus found in tears, may persist in eyes.
Melanoma is one of the types of cancer that poses the greatest challenge to researchers because it manifests itself in many ways, it contains a large number of mutations and … Continue Reading Researchers identify a new molecular biomarker for malignant melanoma.
Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by the degeneration of neurons in the hippocampus and cortex, and the appearance of neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Although the precise cause of Alzheimer’s disease remains … Continue Reading Researchers elevate brain protein to allay symptoms of Alzheimer’s in animal model.