Epilepsy is a common neurological condition characterized by spontaneous, recurrent synchronous discharges of a population of neurons, unprovoked by a known proximal cause. Epilepsy is the second most common neurological … Continue Reading Relief for epilepsy at the scale of a single cell.
For decades, textbooks have stated that macromolecules within living cells, such as DNA, RNA, and proteins, do not fluoresce on their own. Technology instead relies on special fluorescence dyes to … Continue Reading Textbooks upended as researchers show that DNA naturally fluoresces.
The CDC estimates that more than 1.3 million Americans visit an emergency department each year because of a TBI-related injury. The late effects of TBI are of great interest, however, … Continue Reading Largest ever study identifies link between TBI and Parkinson’s, but not Alzheimer’s.
Alzheimer’s disease is a devastating and progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting approximately 5.3 million people in the United States, including almost half of the population at 85 years and older. Microscopic hallmarks … Continue Reading New blood test detects early Alzheimer’s in large-scale study with unprecedented sensitivity.
Telomeres are the ends of chromosomes, which package genetic information to pass from parents to children. As the cell divides, these endcaps help keep the genetic information stable and prevent … Continue Reading New technique detects telomere length for research into cancer and aging.
There has been much focus on how to prevent heart disease by regulating the secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) by the liver. These lipoproteins are known to increase … Continue Reading Study shows damage to previously unknown liver protein leads to heart disease, fatty liver.
Approximately 16% of adults in the United States report drug use, however, not everyone who experiments with drugs becomes an addict. Environmental and societal factors play a role in addiction … Continue Reading First ever study identifies epigenetic markers that influence addiction in animal model.
Multiple myeloma, also known as myeloma, is a type of bone marrow cancer. Multiple myeloma affects the plasma cells, blood cell, inside the bone marrow. Myeloma does not take the form of a … Continue Reading Study is first to link multiple myeloma protein to extramedullary disease.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that manifests in early childhood and is characterized by impairments in social communication and presence of stereotyped behaviours and restricted interests, with … Continue Reading Mothers with diabetes more likely to have autism-linked anti-fetal brain autoantibodies.
With the growing prevalence of childhood obesity, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents is increasing at an alarming rate. Type 2 diabetes may become the most … Continue Reading Neuroimaging shows gray matter changes in brains of teenagers with type 2 diabetes.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social communication and interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour. Approximately 1 in 70 children are diagnosed with ASD … Continue Reading Researchers identify new blood-based biomarker for boys with autism.
Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is related to many effects on health and reproduction, in addition to the general health effects of tobacco. A number of studies have shown that tobacco … Continue Reading Large-scale study finds smoking during pregnancy raises risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
In Alzheimer’s, a build-up of plaque and dysfunctional proteins in the brain are known to be hallmarks of the disease. While the majority of Alzheimer’s research has focused on accumulation … Continue Reading New technique reveals that tau predicts Alzheimer’s disease progression.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterised by abdominal pain and altered bowel habits. IBS has a high prevalence of up to 15% among the general population … Continue Reading Breath-test used to diagnose irritable bowel syndrome in large human study.
Amyloidosis is a general term for several different types of disease. Aggregates of amyloid proteins form and deposit in different tissues which can affect the normal function. As the disease … Continue Reading Towards a new sensitive method for the early detection of amyloidosis.
Brain map researchers release first of it’s kind data on the aging human brain and traumatic brain injury.
Dementia is a common illness with an incidence that is rising as the aged population increases. A multitude of neurodegenerative illnesses have an associated dementia, including corticobasal degeneration, Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, … Continue Reading Brain map researchers release first of it’s kind data on the aging human brain and traumatic brain injury.