The age-old feeling of hunger, driven by negative energy balance, elicits the craving and consumption of food, and whilst this survival response is in part mediated by neurons in the … Continue Reading Two new networks of neurons identified in appetite regulation.
Communication between the gut and brain is thought to control a cornucopia of systems within the body. The gut-brain information highway, also known as the gut-brain axis, is regulated by … Continue Reading Neuron-like cells provide nervous system with window into the gut.
In his famous experiment, Ivan Pavlov rang a bell each time he fed his dogs, which resulted in the animals drooling in anticipation every time they heard the bell, even … Continue Reading Study identifies the brain cells regulating the Pavlovian response.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder exhibiting far-reaching clinical manifestations, with recent research focusing on gut-brain interactions involving the gut microbiota. However, researchers understand little about the link between … Continue Reading Pre-clinical study suggests Parkinson’s could start in the gut.
The spinal cord is extremely vulnerable to injury, however, unlike other parts of the body this extension of the brain does not have the ability to repair itself when damaged. … Continue Reading First human study targets cortical neurons in the brain to improve motor function.
The brain is the key regulator of appetite, body weight, and metabolism, controlling the passage of every nutrient that enters and exits the body. Specifically, there is a small group … Continue Reading Study finds small colony of neurons modulate amount of insulin the pancreas produces.
Neurons in an area of the brain known as the hypothalamus control how much an animal eats, however, it is not clear what role the brain’s immune cells, known as … Continue Reading Astrocytes shown to regulate how much we eat.
Stress is the feeling of being under acute mental or emotional pressure, where a person may feel unable to cope, leading to a wide variety of health problems. When stress … Continue Reading Neuroimaging connects stress-associated brain activity to cardiovascular disease in humans.
Brown or good fat has long been investigated as a treatment for obesity and Type 2 diabetes due to the fact it burns energy faster than white fat, a type … Continue Reading Somatosensory neuron receptors used to form brown fat, have implications for diabetes and obesity.
Cell ablation is an important tool for selectively destroying one or multiple cells in a given organism to remove a disease such as cancer or to produce the desired response … Continue Reading Researchers successfully eliminate neurons outside the brain to trigger obesity.
Diseases related to tobacco smoking have been shown to kill approximately half of long-term smokers when compared to average mortality rates faced by non-smokers. Giving up smoking has huge benefits … Continue Reading Brain circuit that supports smoking cessation identified.
Genetically-coded brain circuits can switch feeding and drinking behaviours on and off in mice.
Through millions of years of trained evolution, all living organisms adapt their behavior in response to infection, however, the mechanisms behind this are less understood. Now, a study led by … Continue Reading Neurons regulate reproduction in fruit flies during infection.
Vital to our bodies, preproglucagon otherwise known as GCG peptides act in both the periphery and the CNS to change food intake, glucose homeostasis, and metabolic rate. Although the actions … Continue Reading Neurons successfully regulate appetite and glucose levels in mice.
An intricate sensory network intertwined across our bodies, the nervous system requires a specialized network of blood vessels for its development and survival. However, it is still unclear as to … Continue Reading Study shows that neurons modulate the growth of blood vessels.
Masters of survival in any environment, cancer cells rely on the healthy cells surrounding them for sustenance, literally leeching life from their host. They do this by rerouting blood vessels … Continue Reading Study shows neurons support cancer growth throughout the body.