The leading cause of death worldwide, cancer killed at least 7.6 million people in 2008, accounting for a staggering thirteen percent of all deaths globally. With no signs of abating, … Continue Reading Non-invasive blood test can detect cancer four years before diagnosis.
HIV is a viral infection that is treatable using Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). ART stops HIV from replicating itself and by doing so reduces the amount of virus in the blood … Continue Reading New technique detects cells hiding dormant HIV reservoirs, wakes virus up.
Abnormalities in human airway smooth muscle cell function and structure play critical roles in chronic inflammatory airway diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cystic fibrosis. One key … Continue Reading Olfactory receptors discovered in human bronchi.
Research into bioengineering has led to important achievements in recent years, with a number of different tissue types being developed. In the area of skin tissue epithelial cells have been … Continue Reading Researcher successfully grow complex, implantable, skin tissue for the first time.
Unprecedented precision study identifies the four genes responsible for blood stem cell development.
Every day, over 100 billion new mature blood cells are generated in an adult human. This major production places high demands on the blood stem cells which must be capable … Continue Reading Unprecedented precision study identifies the four genes responsible for blood stem cell development.
Colon cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and researchers are hard at work to understand the disease’s complex molecular underpinnings. Now, a study from researchers … Continue Reading Newly identified gene pair in colon cancer challenges whole paradigm on causation.
Aging is a major risk factor for many human diseases, and in vitro generation of human neurons is an attractive approach for modeling aging-related brain disorders. While aggressive familial early … Continue Reading New technique enables researchers to grow old human brain cells for the first time.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by an abrupt decline in kidney function, leading to the accumulation of toxic waste products of cellular metabolism and derangement of electrolyte balance. Despite … Continue Reading Researchers identify gene which initiates the repair of acutely injured kidneys.
The heart is arguably the hardest working muscle in the human body and without its incessant, regular beating the body’s organs would be starved of life-giving nutrients. Yet how the … Continue Reading Researchers identify precision medicine for the development of healthy heart muscle.
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) causes a gradual loss of respiratory capacity and can be lethal within a few years. The cause is unknown, although it can be attributed to a … Continue Reading Researchers identify the causal link between telomere shortening and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Researchers at the Lankenau Institute for Medical Research (LIMR), University of California and Allergan have used a primordial form of energy produced in mammals to achieve spontaneous tissue regeneration in mice, … Continue Reading Researchers achieve spontaneous tissue regeneration in mice.
Survival rates for patients with lung cancer increase dramatically the earlier the disease is diagnosed, underscoring the need for effective biomarkers that can be used for detection. Now, scientists at … Continue Reading Researchers discover ‘highly effective’ new biomarker for lung cancer in human trials.
A new study from scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) shows that nerve cells and blood vessels in the eye constantly talk to each other to maintain healthy blood … Continue Reading Study finds nerve cells and blood vessels in eye ‘talk’ to prevent disease.
For infants with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), something as simple as a common cold or ear infection can be fatal. Born with an incomplete immune system, kids who have SCID, … Continue Reading Researchers grow and correct an SCID immune system in-a-dish via precision medicine.
In the battle between a cell and a virus, either side may resort to subterfuge. Molecular messages, which control the cellular machinery both sides need, are vulnerable to interception or … Continue Reading Researchers map microRNA’s role in the human hepatitis c infection.
Researchers have known that transplanted human umbilical cord cells (HUCBCs) can have a restorative effect on the brain and brain function following a stroke. However, just how the cells exert … Continue Reading Precision medicine used to counteract oxidative stress in stroke animal model.